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Common Name: Oriental Poppy
Papaver orientale is a perennial plant that can grow up to 1.00 metres tall.
It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine
Although no specific mention has been found for this plant, many species in this genus are toxic to mammals, though the toxicity, at least when grown in Britain, is low.
W. Asia - Armenia, N.E. Iran, Turkey.
Meadows, usually in sub-alpine zones, but also on stony slopes in the lower mountain zone[
Prefers a well-drained sandy loam in a sunny position[
]. Succeeds in an ordinary good soil[
] and in dry soils, tolerating drought when established[
]. Plants prefer a deep soil that is poor and dry rather than rich, they dislike moist conditions[
]. Plants can be grown in quite coarse grass, which can be cut annually in the autumn[
A deep-rooting and almost indestructible plant, every scrap of the running root system that is left in the ground can grow into a new plant[
There are many named varieties selected for their ornamental value[
Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer or rabbits[
A good bee plant[
The young seed heads are used as a condiment, they are hot and acrid[
]. Some caution is advised, see the notes above on toxicity.
The petals are sudorific[
Seed - sow early summer in an outdoor seedbed. Plant into permanent positions in September. Seed can also be sown in spring and may then flower in late summer.
Division in early spring or early autumn with care[
]. Another report suggests that division is very simple[
]. Larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found that it is better to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade in a cold frame until they are well established before planting them out in late spring or early summer.
Root cuttings 10cm long, late autumn in a cold frame[