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Common Name: Ground Nut
Panax trifolius is a perennial plant that can grow up to 0.20 metres tall.
It has edible and medicinal uses.
Eastern N. America - Nova Scotia to Pennsylvania, west to Georgia, Indiana, Iowa and Minnesota.
Rich woods and damp clearings[
Requires a moist humus-rich soil in a shady position in a woodland[
The plant has leaves above the ground for only two months each year[
Although plants are hermaphrodite, individual flowers are often male[
Root - cooked[
]. A very palatable taste after being boiled[
]. When cold it has a taste somewhat like nuts[
Although closely related to the well-known herbal medicine ginseng, this species has been little researched for its medicinal virtues[
A tea made from the whole plant has been used in the treatment of colic, indigestion, gout, hepatitis etc[
The root is analgesic[
]. It has been chewed as a treatment for headache, short breath, fainting and nervous debility[
Seed - sow in a shady position in a cold frame preferably as soon as it is ripe, otherwise as soon as the seed is obtained. It can be very slow and erratic to germinate. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a shady position in the greenhouse or frame for at least their first winter. Make sure the pots are deep enough to accommodate the roots. Plant out into their permanent positions in late summer.
Division in spring.