The Temperate Database is in the process of being updated, with new records being added and old ones being checked and brought up to date where necessary. This record has not yet been checked and updated.
Panax pseudoginseng is a perennial plant that can grow up to 1.00 metres tall.
It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine
E. Asia - China to the Himalayas and Burma.
Forests and shrubberies, 2100 - 4300 metres in C. Nepal in the Himalayas[
]. Moist shady places at elevations of 2000 - 3300 metres in Nepal[
Requires a moist humus rich soil in a shady position in a woodland[
Plants are hardy to at least -15°c[
Nomenclature of this genus is rather confused with some botanists recognising P. ginseng as a variable plant that includes this species. Other botanists divide it into 4 or even 5 distinct species, giving this plant specific status.
This plant has been grossly over-collected from the wild for its use as a medicinal plant and it is rapidly approaching extinction in most parts of its range[
The sub-species P. pseudo-ginseng notoginseng. (Burkill.)Hoo.&Tseng. is the form used medicinally in China[
], this plant is given a separate entry in this database[
Young leaves and shoots - cooked as a vegetable[
The roots are chewed, used as a flavouring in liqueurs or made into a tea[
The roots and the flowers are antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, aphrodisiac, cardiotonic, diuretic, expectorant, haemostatic, hypoglycaemic and stimulant[
]. The root is used internally in the treatment of indigestion, vomiting, coronary heart disease and angina[
]. The roots are also used both internally and externally in the treatment of nosebleeds, haemorrhages from the lungs, digestive tract and uterus, and injuries[
]. The roots are harvested in the autumn, preferably from plants 6 - 7 years old, and can be used fresh or dried[
The flowers are used to treat vertigo and dizziness[
Seed - sow in a shady position in a cold frame preferably as soon as it is ripe, otherwise as soon as the seed is obtained. It can be very slow and erratic to germinate. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a shady position in the greenhouse or frame for at least their first winter. Make sure the pots are deep enough to accommodate the roots. Plant out into their permanent positions in late summer.
Division in spring.