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Useful Temperate Plants

Panax bipinnatifidus

Seem.

Araliaceae

+ Synonyms

Aralia bipinnatifida (Seem.) C.B.Clarke

Aralia quinquefolia angustifolia Burkill

Aralia quinquefolia major Burkill

Panax burkillianus Bennet & M.V.Viswan.

Panax ginseng angustifolius (Burkill) H.L.Li

Panax japonicus angustifolius (Burkill) C.Y.Cheng & C.Y.Chu

Panax japonicus bipinnatifidus (Seem.) C.Y.Wu & Feng

Panax japonicus major (Burkill) C.Y.Wu & Feng

Panax pseudoginseng bipinnatifidus (Seem.) H.L.Li

Panax pseudoginseng elegantior (Burkill) G.Hoo & C.J.Tseng

Panax pseudoginseng himalaicus H.Hara

Panax pseudoginseng major (Burkill) H.L.Li

Panax sikkimensis R.N.Banerjee

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Panax bipinnatifidus is a herbaceous perennial plant growing from a creeping, elongated tuberous rhizome; it produces a cluster of one or more unbranched stems around 50 - 80cm tall with 3 - 5 leaves in a whorl at the summit of the stem[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
,
1772
Title
Genus Panax L. (Araliaceae) in India
Publication
Pleione 1(2): 46 - 54. 2007.
Author
Arun K. Pandey et al
Publisher
 
Year
2007
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
This is one of several species in this genus, native to the Indian Himalayas, that are highly valued and widely used in traditional medicine and are harvested in quantity from the wild.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
,
1772
Title
Genus Panax L. (Araliaceae) in India
Publication
Pleione 1(2): 46 - 54. 2007.
Author
Arun K. Pandey et al
Publisher
 
Year
2007
ISBN
 
Description
 

Range

E. Asia - northern India (Himalayas, Assam), Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, southern China

Habitat

Forests in valleys; at elevations from 1,800 - 3,400 metres[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
]. Mixed or coniferous forests or under the floor of the bamboos; in moist habitats or along ravines; at elevations from 1,200 - 5,000 metres[
1772
Title
Genus Panax L. (Araliaceae) in India
Publication
Pleione 1(2): 46 - 54. 2007.
Author
Arun K. Pandey et al
Publisher
 
Year
2007
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *  *
HabitPerennial
Height0.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


A plant of shady places in rich, moist but generally well-drained woodland soils[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
The roots of all the various Panax species are used medicinally. They are considered to be most effective if harvested when around 6 - 7 years old[
238
Title
Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses.
Publication
 
Author
Bown. D.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley, London.
Year
1995
ISBN
0-7513-020-31
Description
A very well presented and informative book on herbs from around the globe. Plenty in it for both the casual reader and the serious student. Just one main quibble is the silly way of having two separate entries for each plant.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The roots of all the various species in the genus Panax are known to be rich sources of a range of medicinally active compounds, especially saponins. All of the species, especially those in eastern Asia, are highly valued for their medicinal virtues. The best-known species in the genus (Panax ginseng) has a history of medicinal use going back many centuries. The other species are also valued in their own right, as well as often also being used and labelled as ginseng.

The plant is used medicinally[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].
The roots, which possess tonic and antianaemic properties, are used in treating anaemia and general debility and are especially valuable in treating parturients for those conditions. They are also aphrodisiac and have salutary effects in the treatment of sterility[
283
Title
Medicinal Plants in Vietnam
Publication
 
Author
Nguyen Van Dan & Doan Thi Nhu
Publisher
World Health Organisation
Year
1989
ISBN
92 9061 101 4
Description
An excellent book, giving information on over 200 plants, their medicinal compounds and applications.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - sow in a shady position in a cold frame preferably as soon as it is ripe, otherwise as soon as the seed is obtained. It can be very slow and erratic to germinate. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a shady position in the greenhouse or frame for at least their first winter. Make sure the pots are deep enough to accommodate the roots. Plant out into their permanent positions in late summer.
Division in spring.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2022-08-17. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Panax+bipinnatifidus>

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