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Useful Temperate Plants

Oxytropis oxyphylla

(Pall.) DC.

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Phaca oxyphylla Pall.

Oxytropis andaensis P.H.Huang & L.H.Zhuo

Oxytropis arenaria Jurtzev

Oxytropis chankaensis Jurtzev

Oxytropis hailarensis Kitag.

Oxytropis hulunbailensis H.C.Fu & S.H.Cheng

Oxytropis lanata psilocarpa Kitag.

Oxytropis selengensis Bunge

Oxytropis verticillaris Ledeb.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Oxytropis oxyphylla is a stemless, herbaceous perennial plant arising from a subterranean long-branched multiheaded caudex; it produces a tuft of growth 7 - 20cm tall[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine.

Known Hazards

We have no information for this species, but several members of this genus are known to be potentially toxic, particularly to grazing animals.
Some members of the genus are known to contain the indolizidine alkaloid 'swainsonine'. Chronic intoxication with this alkaloid causes a variety of neurological disorders in grazing animals along with reduced appetite which can lead to weight loss and cessation of reproductive ability. Swainsonine has also been found to have potential for use in anti-cancer drug treatments.
In some species, other alkaloids are suspected of causing toxicity.
In addition, some members of the genus have been reported to accumulate selenium - although this is an essential trace element it can be toxic in higher doses. Signs and symptoms of selenium toxicity include a garlic odour on the breath, gastrointestinal disorders, hair loss, sloughing of nails, fatigue, irritability, and neurological damage - in extreme cases it can result in death.

Botanical References

266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

E. Asia - northern China (Gansu, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shaanxi), Korea

Habitat

Sandy open hillsides, semistabilized sand dunes, gravelly areas, grasslands; at elevations from 500 - 2,700 metres[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *  *
HabitPerennial
Height0.15 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Oxytropis species generally grow best in a very sunny position in a deep, well-drained, sandy or gritty soil[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Species with woolly leaves greatly resent winter wet[200[.
Many species in this genus are suitable as ornamentals, valued for their clusters of flowers and their attractive foliage. However, species often fail in cultivation, often because of a lack of an appropriate Rhizobium bacterium[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Members of this genus are generally resentful of root disturbance and, if the seed is not sown in situ, then seedlings need to be planted into their permanent positions as soon as possible[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
We have seen no specific information for this species, but most members of this genus have a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby.

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The plant is used to treat cardiovascular diseases, ascites, anthrax[
1552
Title
Review of the Current Status of Study Oxytropis
Publication
Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research Vol 11, Issue 4, 2018
Author
Amirkhanova A.Sh.; Ustenova G.O.
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
2455-3891
Description
 
]. A proprietary medication called 'Oxophil' is obtained from the above-ground parts of the plant. Containing biologically active flavonoids, it has antihypoxic, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory action, and is used in the treatment of rhinitis, and is also said to contribute to the restoration of the affected tissues[
1552
Title
Review of the Current Status of Study Oxytropis
Publication
Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research Vol 11, Issue 4, 2018
Author
Amirkhanova A.Sh.; Ustenova G.O.
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
2455-3891
Description
 
].

The plant contains coumarins, essential oils, alkaloids, and the following flavonoids: rhamnetin, rhamnazin, and their glycosides[
1552
Title
Review of the Current Status of Study Oxytropis
Publication
Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research Vol 11, Issue 4, 2018
Author
Amirkhanova A.Sh.; Ustenova G.O.
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
2455-3891
Description
 
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Pre-soak the seed for 24 hours in warm water and then sow in a greenhouse in early spring. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as the cotyledons emerge in order to avoid damage to the root. Grow them on in deep pots in a cold greenhouse or cold frame, and plant them out the following spring[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2019-07-16. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Oxytropis+oxyphylla>

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