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Useful Temperate Plants

Oxytropis campestris

(L.) DC.

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Astragalus campestris L.

Astragalus sordidus auct.

Oxytropis alpina Ten.

Oxytropis nuriae Sennen

Oxytropis tatrae Borbas

Oxytropis chartacea Fassett

Oxytropis columbiana H.St.John

Aragallus alpicola Rydb.

Aragallus cusickii (Greenm.) Barneby

Astragalus alpicola (Rydb.) Tiderstr.

Oxytropis alpicola (Rydb.) M.E.Jones

Oxytropis cusickii Greenm.

Oxytropis paysoniana A.Nelson

Oxytropis rydbergii A.Nelson

Aragallus díspar A.Nelson

Oxytropis díspar (A.Nelson) K.Schum.

Aragallus albertinus Greene

Aragallus cervinus Greene

Aragallus gracilis A.Nelson

Aragallus luteolus Greene

Aragallus monticola (A.Gray) Greene

Aragallus villosus Rydb.

Astragalus albertinus (Greene) Tiderstr.

Astragalus grayanus Tiderstr.

Astragalus mazama (H.St.John) G.N.Jones

Astragalus rydbergianus Tiderstr.

Oxytropis albertina (Greene) Rydb.

Oxytropis cascadensis H.St.John

Oxytropis gracilis (A.Nelson) K.Schum.

Oxytropis luteola (Greene) Piper & Beattie

Oxytropis mazama H.St.John

Oxytropis monticola A.Gray

Oxytropis okanoganea H.St.John

Oxytropis olympica H.St.John

Oxytropis villosa (Rydb.) K.Schum.

Spiesia monticola (A.Gray) Kuntze

Aragallus johannensis A.Heller

Oxytropis johannensis (Fernald) Fernald

Oxytropis rishiriensis Matsum.

Oxytropis roaldii Ostenf.

Astragalus sordidus Willd.

Oxytropis sordida (Willd.) Pers.

Oxytropis terrae-novae Fernald

Oxytropis uralensis minor Hook.

Astragalus tyroliensis Steud.

Oxytropis tyroliensis Fritsch

Aragallus varians Rydb.

Oxytropis alaskana A.Nelson

Oxytropis hyperborea A.E.Porsild

Oxytropis varians (Rydb.) K.Schum.

Common Name: Field Locoweed

No Image.

General Information

Oxytropis campestris is a stemless, herbaceous perennial plant producing a clump of growth from a branched caudex; it can grow 10 - 30cm tall[
1050
Title
Fire Effects Information System
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.feis-crs.org/feis/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line information site with comprehensive information on over 1,100 species of plant. Mainly developed to supply information on the effects of fire on plants and animals, it also contains a wealth of other information on the plants
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine. It is used in revegetation projects in subalpine regions.

Known Hazards

We have no information for this species, but several members of this genus are known to be potentially toxic, particularly to grazing animals.
Some members of the genus are known to contain the indolizidine alkaloid 'swainsonine'. Chronic intoxication with this alkaloid causes a variety of neurological disorders in grazing animals along with reduced appetite which can lead to weight loss and cessation of reproductive ability. Swainsonine has also been found to have potential for use in anti-cancer drug treatments.
In some species, other alkaloids are suspected of causing toxicity.
In addition, some members of the genus have been reported to accumulate selenium - although this is an essential trace element it can be toxic in higher doses. Signs and symptoms of selenium toxicity include a garlic odour on the breath, gastrointestinal disorders, hair loss, sloughing of nails, fatigue, irritability, and neurological damage - in extreme cases it can result in death.

Botanical References

200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.

Range

Northern regions of N. America and Europe, extending south to the mountain ranges of southern Europe; E. Asia - eastern Siberia

Habitat

Dry meadows and on debris accumulations, talus and scree slopes, boulder fell fields, and in areas with little soil and sparse vegetative cover[
1050
Title
Fire Effects Information System
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.feis-crs.org/feis/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line information site with comprehensive information on over 1,100 species of plant. Mainly developed to supply information on the effects of fire on plants and animals, it also contains a wealth of other information on the plants
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitPerennial
Height0.20 m
PollinatorsBees
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Oxytropis campestris is a very cold-hardy plant, able to tolerate temperatures down to around -35°c when fully dormant[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Oxytropis species generally grow best in a very sunny position in a deep, well-drained, sandy or gritty soil[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. This species grows best in sandy loam to clay loam soils[
1050
Title
Fire Effects Information System
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.feis-crs.org/feis/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line information site with comprehensive information on over 1,100 species of plant. Mainly developed to supply information on the effects of fire on plants and animals, it also contains a wealth of other information on the plants
]. It is tolerant of moderately saline soils and low nutrient conditons but does not tolerate water-saturated soils such as heavy clay. It is drought tolerant but not at all tolerant of excessive shade[
1050
Title
Fire Effects Information System
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.feis-crs.org/feis/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line information site with comprehensive information on over 1,100 species of plant. Mainly developed to supply information on the effects of fire on plants and animals, it also contains a wealth of other information on the plants
]. Species with woolly leaves greatly resent winter wet[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Many species in this genus are suitable as ornamentals, valued for their clusters of flowers and their attractive foliage. However, species often fail in cultivation, often because of a lack of an appropriate Rhizobium bacterium[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Members of this genus are generally resentful of root disturbance and, if the seed is not sown in situ, then seedlings need to be planted into their permanent positions as soon as possible[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
755
Title
Nodulation Plants in GRIN Taxonomy
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ars-grin.gov/~sbmljw/cgi-bin/taxnodul.pl?language=en
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database listing plants that have either positive or negative reports on root and stem nodulation with nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

A decoction of the root is used in purification rituals - it is taken internally, and also poured on the head when in a sweathouse[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
].

Agroforestry Uses:

Oxytropis campestris has been recommended for use in the revegetation of subalpine sites. At 750 metres in Alaska,
containerized seedlings showed 80 percent and 100 percent survival after one growing season with and without added topsoil. Yellow locoweed is an excellent soil builder and has high erosion control capabilities[
1050
Title
Fire Effects Information System
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.feis-crs.org/feis/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line information site with comprehensive information on over 1,100 species of plant. Mainly developed to supply information on the effects of fire on plants and animals, it also contains a wealth of other information on the plants
].
The plant has been found as a pioneer on alkaline glacial outwash in Alsaka and in Alberta on a coal mine spoil that was exposed to severe wind and drought[
1050
Title
Fire Effects Information System
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.feis-crs.org/feis/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line information site with comprehensive information on over 1,100 species of plant. Mainly developed to supply information on the effects of fire on plants and animals, it also contains a wealth of other information on the plants
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Pre-soak the seed for 24 hours in warm water and then sow in a greenhouse in early spring. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as the cotyledons emerge in order to avoid damage to the root. Grow them on in deep pots in a cold greenhouse or cold frame, and plant them out the following spring[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
The seed is easily collected but requires a lengthy period of dormancy and has a low germination rate of around 10%[
1050
Title
Fire Effects Information System
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.feis-crs.org/feis/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line information site with comprehensive information on over 1,100 species of plant. Mainly developed to supply information on the effects of fire on plants and animals, it also contains a wealth of other information on the plants
].
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2019-12-08. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Oxytropis+campestris>

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