If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating.
Useful Temperate Plants

Ononis natrix

L.

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Ononis ambigua Lange

Ononis angustissima Lam.

Ononis arganietorum Maire

Ononis candeliana Maire

Ononis falcata Viv.

Ononis foliosa Willk. & Costa

Ononis hispanica L.f.

Ononis pyrenaica Willk. & Costa

Ononis ramosissima Desf.

Common Name: Yellow Restharrow

No Image.

General Information

Ononis natrix is an erect, much-branched, perennial plant with stems that become more or less woody, especially near the base; it can grow up to 60cm tall[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine. It is sometimes grown as an ornamental in gardens[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.

Range

Southern Europe - Portugal to southern Germany, east to Greece; N. Africa - Morocco to Egypt; W. Asia - Turkey to Israel, east to Iraq

Habitat

Dry, rocky or grassy habitats, often on calcareous soils; at elevations up to 2,100 metres[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitShrub
Height0.50 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

Ononis natrix is a moderately cold-hardy plant, able to tolerate temperatures down to around -15°c when fully dormant[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Requires a sunny position, growing best in a well-drained, neutral to alkaline soil[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Succeeds in shallow chalk soils[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
The plant is particularly useful for growing on the tops of walls or on dry banks[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Plants are resentful of root disturbance and should be moved with care[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

Infusions of the roots and flowers have been used to treat disturnabces of the urinary tract[
1545
Title
Chemical Composition and Antibacterial Activity of the Essential Oil of Ononis natrix from Morocco
Publication
Jeobp 13 (4) 2010 pp 477 - 488
Author
Elamrani A. & Benaissa M.
Website
http://10.1080/0972060X.2010.10643852
Publisher
 
Year
2010
ISBN
0972-060X
Description
 
].

Various studies have been carried out on this plant and have shown that it posesses antibacterial and antimicrobial activity[
1545
Title
Chemical Composition and Antibacterial Activity of the Essential Oil of Ononis natrix from Morocco
Publication
Jeobp 13 (4) 2010 pp 477 - 488
Author
Elamrani A. & Benaissa M.
Website
http://10.1080/0972060X.2010.10643852
Publisher
 
Year
2010
ISBN
0972-060X
Description
 
]
The aerial parts of the plant have been shown to have a potent inhibitory effect on the production of pancreatic lipase, thus helping to lower lipid levels in the body. It could, therefore, have a role to play in the treatment of obesity[
1278
Title
Screening of Some Medicinal Plants for their Pancreatic Lipase Inhibitory Potential
Publication
Jordan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Volume 4, No. 2, pp 81-88; 2011
Author
Yasser Bustanji; Mohammad Mohammad; Mohammad Hudaib; Khaled
Publisher
 
Year
2011
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Scarify or pre-soak the seed for 24 hours in warm water and sow the seed in early spring in a greenhouse[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. The seed can also be sown in a cold frame in the autumn. Plants resent root disturbance and so, as soon as they are large enough to handle, they should be pricked out into individual pots and then planted out in late spring[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Cuttings of soft young shoots in early summer in a closed frame with bottom heat[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2018-12-17. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Ononis+natrix>

Add a Comment:

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.