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Common Name: Mountain Holly
Nemopanthus mucronatus is a deciduous shrub that can grow up to 3.00 metres tall.
It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine
Eastern N. America - Newfoundland to Ontario, south to Wisconsin, Indiana and Virginia.
Damp woods, thickets and swamps[
Tolerates most soils except those that are water-logged[
]. Prefers a cold damp spoil[
Seldom fruits well in Britain[
], the seed only matures in reasonable summers[
Most of the plants that have been supplied under this name in Britain this century are in fact Ilex collina[
Dioecious, male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.
]. Quite bitter[
The root is diuretic[
]. An infusion of the grated root is used in the treatment of gravel[
A decoction of the small branches, reduced to a syrup, has been used as a tonic[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. The seed can take 18 months to germinate. Stored seed generally requires two winters and a summer before it will germinate and should be sown as soon as possible in a cold frame. Scarification, followed by a warm stratification and then a cold stratification may speed up the germination time[
]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
Cuttings of almost ripe wood with a heel, August in a shaded position in a cold frame. Leave for 12 months before potting up.
Layering in early autumn. Takes 2 years[