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Useful Temperate Plants

Nannorrhops ritchieana

(Griff.) Aitch.

Arecaceae

+ Synonyms

Chamaerops ritchieana Griff.

Nannorrhops arabica Burret

Common Name: Mazari Palm

No Image.

General Information

Nannorrhops ritchieana is a clump-forming evergreen palm producing a cluster of stems up to 8 metres tall and 60cm in diameter, though the stem is sometimes short and subterranean. Each stem is topped by a cluster of fan-shaped leaves. Inflorescences up to 250cm long are produced, after which an individual stem will die, though it usually produces offsets. The plant can form large colonies[
1968
Title
Palms of Southern Asia
Publication
 
Author
Henderson A.
Publisher
Princeton University Press, New York
Year
2009
ISBN
978-0-691-13449-9
Description
An excellent concise guide
].
The plant is a very important traditional crop, being harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. It is still widely utilized in northern Pakistan as a source of materials for weaving mats, baskets, shoes and a wide range of other goods - these are both for personal use and also for trade in local markets[
1973
Title
Mazri (Nannorrhops ritchiana (Griff) Aitch.): a remarkable source of manufacturing traditional handicrafts, goods an
Publication
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine (2020) 16:45
Author
Abdullah et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1186/s13002-020-00394-0
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. The plant is often grown as an ornamental in the more arid regions of the temperate zone.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

287
Title
Flora of Pakistan
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.efloras.org
Publisher
 
Year
 
ISBN
 
Description
As of 2006, there is not much information on habitats available, but it is being developed and promises to be an excellent resource.
1968

Range

W. Asia - southern Arabian Peninsula, Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Habitat

Arid, open areas, often on limestone soils, at elevations up to 1,500 metres[
1968
Title
Palms of Southern Asia
Publication
 
Author
Henderson A.
Publisher
Princeton University Press, New York
Year
2009
ISBN
978-0-691-13449-9
Description
An excellent concise guide
]. Open, sparsely vegetated semi-arid desert regions where there is a water table close enough to the surface to provide a continuous supply of moisture[
231
Title
Palms for Cooler Climates.
Publication
 
Author
McMillan-Browse. P.
Publisher
Trebah Enterprises.
Year
1993
ISBN
0 9521952 0 8
Description
An excellent little booklet on the subject, though it does not mention many plant uses.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Shrub
Height5.00 m
Growth RateSlow
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Semi-cultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

Nannorrhops ritchieana is a plant of arid and semi-arid regions often with very hot summers. It can experience very cold winters in its native habitat, with temperatures falling as low as -15°c, possibly a bit lower, though this is often accompanied by heavy snow which acts to insulate the plant from the extremes of cold. The plant is far less tolerant of cold in moister climates, where it can be killed by just a few degrees of frost. In moist, almost frost-free climates such as southern Florida, however, the plant will often thrive.[
231
Title
Palms for Cooler Climates.
Publication
 
Author
McMillan-Browse. P.
Publisher
Trebah Enterprises.
Year
1993
ISBN
0 9521952 0 8
Description
An excellent little booklet on the subject, though it does not mention many plant uses.
].
Requires a sunny position in a very free-draining soil. Tolerant of poor, dry, infertile soils. Established plants are very drought tolerant. Prefers a pH in the range 6.1 - 8.5.
Growth is usually very slow, though it can be sped up considerably with good cultivation and some feeding.
This is one of the very few species of palm that can produce aerial branches.
Palms usually have deep penetrating root systems and generally establish best when planted out at a young stage. However, older plants are substantially more cold tolerant than juvenile plants[
231
Title
Palms for Cooler Climates.
Publication
 
Author
McMillan-Browse. P.
Publisher
Trebah Enterprises.
Year
1993
ISBN
0 9521952 0 8
Description
An excellent little booklet on the subject, though it does not mention many plant uses.
]. In areas at the limit of their cold tolerance, therefore, it is prudent to grow the plants in containers for some years, giving them winter protection, and only planting them into their permanent positions when sheer size dictates[
231
Title
Palms for Cooler Climates.
Publication
 
Author
McMillan-Browse. P.
Publisher
Trebah Enterprises.
Year
1993
ISBN
0 9521952 0 8
Description
An excellent little booklet on the subject, though it does not mention many plant uses.
]. Palms can also often be transplanted even when very large. Although the thick fleshy roots are easily damaged and/or desiccated, new roots are generally freely produced. It is important to stake the plant very firmly to prevent rock, and also to give it plenty of water until re-established - removing many of the leaves can also help[
231
Title
Palms for Cooler Climates.
Publication
 
Author
McMillan-Browse. P.
Publisher
Trebah Enterprises.
Year
1993
ISBN
0 9521952 0 8
Description
An excellent little booklet on the subject, though it does not mention many plant uses.
].

Edible Uses

Young leafs and buds[
2
Title
Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World.
Publication
 
Author
Hedrick. U. P.
Publisher
Dover Publications
Year
1972
ISBN
0-486-20459-6
Description
Lots of entries, quite a lot of information in most entries and references.
,
1973
Title
Mazri (Nannorrhops ritchiana (Griff) Aitch.): a remarkable source of manufacturing traditional handicrafts, goods an
Publication
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine (2020) 16:45
Author
Abdullah et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1186/s13002-020-00394-0
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. No more details are given.

Young inflorescence[
2
Title
Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World.
Publication
 
Author
Hedrick. U. P.
Publisher
Dover Publications
Year
1972
ISBN
0-486-20459-6
Description
Lots of entries, quite a lot of information in most entries and references.
].No more details are given.

Fruit[
2
Title
Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World.
Publication
 
Author
Hedrick. U. P.
Publisher
Dover Publications
Year
1972
ISBN
0-486-20459-6
Description
Lots of entries, quite a lot of information in most entries and references.
,
1972
Title
Ethnobotanical Studies of Shrubs and Trees of Agra Valley, Parachinar, Upper Kurram Agency, Pakistan
Publication
Fuuast J. Biol., 4(1): 73-81, 2014
Author
Ajaib M. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. The yellowish-brown, globose fruit is up to 20mm in diameter[
1968
Title
Palms of Southern Asia
Publication
 
Author
Henderson A.
Publisher
Princeton University Press, New York
Year
2009
ISBN
978-0-691-13449-9
Description
An excellent concise guide
].

Medicinal

The leaves are purgative[
240
Title
Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement).
Publication
 
Author
Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C.
Publisher
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi.
Year
1986
ISBN
-
Description
Very terse details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of research into the plants chemistry. Not for the casual reader.
]. They are used in the treatment of diarrhoea and dysentery[
240
Title
Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement).
Publication
 
Author
Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C.
Publisher
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi.
Year
1986
ISBN
-
Description
Very terse details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of research into the plants chemistry. Not for the casual reader.
]. Yes, both these reports come from the same source, without further explanation[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
]. The plant is chiefly used in veterinary medicine[
240
Title
Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement).
Publication
 
Author
Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C.
Publisher
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi.
Year
1986
ISBN
-
Description
Very terse details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of research into the plants chemistry. Not for the casual reader.
].
An extract of the fresh leaves (tea?) is used for treating stomach problems[
1973
Title
Mazri (Nannorrhops ritchiana (Griff) Aitch.): a remarkable source of manufacturing traditional handicrafts, goods an
Publication
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine (2020) 16:45
Author
Abdullah et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1186/s13002-020-00394-0
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Other Uses

The leaves are intensively used as a source of fibres and weaving materials for making ropes, mats, brooms, bags, pots, sandals, and many other items[
387
Title
Economic Products of India. Volume 1.
Publication
 
Author
Watt. G.
Publisher
Government of India: Calcutta.
Year
1883
ISBN
 
Description
Although over 100 years old, it still contains a wealth of information on useful plants. Many of the botanical names have been changed since then, so you have to check for up to date names. The book can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
1968
Title
Palms of Southern Asia
Publication
 
Author
Henderson A.
Publisher
Princeton University Press, New York
Year
2009
ISBN
978-0-691-13449-9
Description
An excellent concise guide
,
1972
Title
Ethnobotanical Studies of Shrubs and Trees of Agra Valley, Parachinar, Upper Kurram Agency, Pakistan
Publication
Fuuast J. Biol., 4(1): 73-81, 2014
Author
Ajaib M. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
 
Description
 
,
1973
Title
Mazri (Nannorrhops ritchiana (Griff) Aitch.): a remarkable source of manufacturing traditional handicrafts, goods an
Publication
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine (2020) 16:45
Author
Abdullah et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1186/s13002-020-00394-0
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. Slippers are also made and known locally as 'Saplay'[
1972
Title
Ethnobotanical Studies of Shrubs and Trees of Agra Valley, Parachinar, Upper Kurram Agency, Pakistan
Publication
Fuuast J. Biol., 4(1): 73-81, 2014
Author
Ajaib M. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
 
Description
 
]

The leaves are sometimes used for thatching roofs[
1973
Title
Mazri (Nannorrhops ritchiana (Griff) Aitch.): a remarkable source of manufacturing traditional handicrafts, goods an
Publication
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine (2020) 16:45
Author
Abdullah et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1186/s13002-020-00394-0
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

The hard-coated seeds are used as beads in rosaries etc and by children as marbles[
1973
Title
Mazri (Nannorrhops ritchiana (Griff) Aitch.): a remarkable source of manufacturing traditional handicrafts, goods an
Publication
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine (2020) 16:45
Author
Abdullah et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1186/s13002-020-00394-0
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

The reddish moss-like wool of the petioles is sometimes utilized as tinder[
1973
Title
Mazri (Nannorrhops ritchiana (Griff) Aitch.): a remarkable source of manufacturing traditional handicrafts, goods an
Publication
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine (2020) 16:45
Author
Abdullah et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1186/s13002-020-00394-0
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

The dried leaves, stems, and peduncles are used for fuel[
1973
Title
Mazri (Nannorrhops ritchiana (Griff) Aitch.): a remarkable source of manufacturing traditional handicrafts, goods an
Publication
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine (2020) 16:45
Author
Abdullah et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1186/s13002-020-00394-0
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a warm greenhouse at not less than 24°c[
188
Title
The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers
Publication
 
Author
Brickell. C.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd.
Year
1990
ISBN
0-86318-386-7
Description
Excellent range of photographs, some cultivation details but very little information on plant uses.
]. Stored seed germinates very slowly and sporadically. Pre-soaking the seed for 24 hours in warm water prior to sowing may shorten the germination time. Plants form a long tap-root some time before forming a shoot and so should be sown in fairly deep pots. Germination of fresh seed usually takes place in 3 - 4 months at 25°c[
138
Title
Growing from Seed. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Bird. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Thompson and Morgan.
Year
1989
ISBN
-
Description
Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation.
]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first two winters. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
Division of a clump can be successful.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2022-08-17. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Nannorrhops+ritchieana>

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