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Common Name: Yellow Archangel
Lamium galeobdolon is a perennial plant that can grow up to 0.30 metres tall.
It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials.
Europe, including Britain, from Sweden south and east to Spain and Iran.
Woods and shady hedgerows[
], usually on heavier soils. Sometimes becoming locally dominant, especially after coppicing[
A very easily grown plant, it tolerates most soils and conditions[
]. It grows well in heavy clay soils[
], though it prefers a light calcareous soil[
]. Dislikes dry soils[
]. This species succeeds even in dense shade, growing well under trees[
]. Once established, it can also succeed in drought conditions under the shade of trees, providing there is plenty of humus in the soil[
There are at least four sub-species, L. galeobdolon montanum is the form generally found wild in Britain and it is a triploid. L. galeobdolon luteum and L. galeobdolon flavidum are both diploids[
]. L. galeobdolon argentatum is the more rampant form, its clone 'Variegatum' is a commonly used ground cover plant for shady places[
Plants seem to be immune to the predations of rabbits[
A very invasive plant, sending out long prostrate shoots that root at intervals along the stems[
Young leaves and shoots - cooked[
Young flowering tips - cooked.
The herb is antispasmodic, astringent, diuretic, expectorant, styptic and vasoconstrictor[
A good ground cover plant, spreading rapidly by means of its rooting stems and succeeding even in dense shade. It is very vigorous, however, and can smother small plants[
]. It does very well in woodlands[
Seed - usually self sows freely and should not require human intervention. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the summer.
The seed can also be sown in situ as soon as it is ripe.
Division in spring. Succeeds at almost any time in the growing season. Very easy, larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.