The Temperate Database is in the process of being updated, with new records being added and old ones being checked and brought up to date where necessary. This record has not yet been checked and updated.
Juniperus tetragona is a Evergreen Tree
It has edible and miscellaneous uses.
South-western N. America - Texas to Mexico.
Pine-oak forests in mountains, to 4500 metres in Mexico[
Succeeds in most soils if they are well drained, preferring a neutral or slightly alkaline soil[
] and succeeding on chalk[
]. A drought tolerant plant once established, succeeding in hot dry positions[
This species is not very hardy in Britain[
A dioecious species - both male and female forms must be grown if fruit and seed are required.
Fruit - raw or cooked[
]. A sweet resinous flesh[
]. The fruits are about 12mm in diameter[
Wood - brown, hard. Used for construction etc[
The seed requires a period of cold stratification. The seed has a hard seedcoat and can be very slow to germinate, requiring a cold period followed by a warm period and then another cold spell, each of 2 - 3 months duration[
]. Soaking the seed for 3 - 6 seconds in boiling water may speed up the germination process[
]. The seed is best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Some might germinate in the following spring, though most will take another year. Another possibility is to harvest the seed 'green' (when the embryo has fully formed but before the seedcoat has hardened). The seedlings can be potted up into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Grow on in pots until large enough, then plant out in early summer. When stored dry, the seed can remain viable for several years[
Cuttings of mature wood, 5 - 10cm with a heel, September/early autumn in a cold frame. Plant out in the following autumn[
Layering in September/early autumn. Takes 12 months[