Juniperus baimashanensis Y.F.Yu & L.K.Fu
Juniperus densa (Carrière) Gordon
Juniperus fargesii (Rehder & E.H.Wilson) Kom.
Juniperus franchetiana H.Lév. ex Kom.
Juniperus kansuensis Kom.
Juniperus lemeeana H.Lév. & Blin.
Juniperus pingii baimashanensis (Y.F.Yu & L.K.Fu) Silba
Juniperus recurva densa Carrière
Juniperus recurva squamata (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) Parl.
Sabina recurva densa (Carrière) Antoine
Sabina squamata (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) Antoine
Common Name: Flaky Juniper
Juniperus squamata is an erect or procumbent, evergreen shrub or a small tree; it usually grows up to 4 metres tall, though forms up to 12 metres are known[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and a source of materials. It is grown as an ornamental in gardens where there are many named varieties, some suitable for use as ground covers.
Juniperus squamata is a widespread and locally common species; in some areas subpopulations are likely to be increasing. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
Asia - northern Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, China
Subalpine coniferous forest, mixed woodland and thickets to alpine meadows, on calcareous to siliceous rocks, often predominant on moraines, scree slopes or rocky ridges, but also on gravelly flood plains; at elevations from 1,340 - 4,850 metres[
|Conservation Status||Least Concern
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
Juniperus squamata is a very cold-hardy plant, able to tolerate temperatures down to around -25°c when fully dormant[
]. The climate is high montane to alpine with strong monsoon influence, which however diminishes towards the northeast of its range[
Succeeds in most soils if they are well drained, preferring a neutral or slightly alkaline soil[
] and succeeding on
]. A drought tolerant plant once established, succeeding in hot dry positions[
This species is closely allied to J. recurva[
There are many named forms, selected for their ornamental value[
]. The type species is very slow growing in Britain[
] but the cultivar 'Meyeri' is somewhat faster and more successful.
A dioecious species - both male and female forms must be grown if fruit and seed are required.
The black or bluish black, ovoid or subglobose seed cones are 4 - 8mm long and × 4 - 6mm wide, containing a single seed[
]. We have seen no repots of any edibility.
The powdered plant is soaked for half an hour in water and then used for washing skin diseases[
The cultivar 'Blue Carpet' can be used as a ground cover plant in a sunny position[
An essential oil obtained from the dried leaves and branches of the var fargesii is rich in the monoterpenoid compounds sabinene (35%); elemol (9%), terpinen-4-ol (7%), and alpha-pinene (17%). This oil has been shown to be significantly, but weakly, antifungal (against Colletotrichum species) and strongly insecticidal against the azalea lace bug (Stephanitis pyrioides)[
The wood is very fragrant, it is used as a fuel and an incense[
]. The leaves are used as incense[
The seed requires a period of cold stratification. The seed has a hard seedcoat and can be very slow to germinate, requiring a cold period followed by a warm period and then another cold spell, each of 2 - 3 months duration[
]. Soaking the seed for 3 - 6 seconds in boiling water may speed up the germination process[
]. The seed is best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Some might germinate in the following spring, though most will take another year. Another possibility is to harvest the seed 'green' (when the embryo has fully formed but before the seedcoat has hardened). The seedlings can be potted up into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Grow on in pots until large enough, then plant out in early summer. When stored dry, the seed can remain viable for several years[
Cuttings of mature wood, 5 - 10cm with a heel, September/early autumn in a cold frame. Plant out in the following autumn[
Layering in September/early autumn. Takes 12 months[