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Common Name: Prickly Juniper
Juniperus oxycedrus is a Evergreen Tree up to 15.00 metres tall.
It has medicinal and miscellaneous uses.
Europe - Mediterranean.
Dry hills, sandy and rocky places[
Succeeds in most soils if they are well drained, preferring a neutral or slightly alkaline soil[
] and succeeding on chalk[
]. A drought tolerant plant once established, succeeding in hot dry positions[
A dioecious species - both male and female forms must be grown if fruit and seed are required.
The plant yields the essential oil 'Oil of Cade' by destructive distillation of the wood[
]. It is used externally in the treatment of skin diseases such as psoriasis and chronic eczema[
]. It is a good parasiticide in cases of psora and favus[
An oil distilled from the heartwood is used medicinally and as a parasiticide. It is also used as an immersion oil in microscope work[
The seed requires a period of cold stratification. The seed has a hard seedcoat and can be very slow to germinate, requiring a cold period followed by a warm period and then another cold spell, each of 2 - 3 months duration[
]. Soaking the seed for 3 - 6 seconds in boiling water may speed up the germination process[
]. The seed is best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Some might germinate in the following spring, though most will take another year. Another possibility is to harvest the seed 'green' (when the embryo has fully formed but before the seedcoat has hardened). The seedlings can be potted up into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Grow on in pots until large enough, then plant out in early summer. When stored dry, the seed can remain viable for several years[
Cuttings of mature wood, 5 - 10cm with a heel, September/early autumn in a cold frame. Plant out in the following autumn[
Layering in September/early autumn. Takes 12 months[