Jacobaea argunensis (Turcz.) B.Nord.
Jacobaea rubella Moench
Jacobaea suaveolens Gilib.
Jacobaea tenuifolia J.Presl & C.Presl
Senecio argunensis Turcz.
Senecio blinii H.Lév.
Senecio brachyatus Jord. ex Boreau
Senecio canescens Bernh. ex DC.
Senecio costae Rouy
Senecio delphinifolius Rchb.
Senecio erucifolius L.
Senecio incanus Boeber
Senecio napifolius Schrad. ex Rchb.
Senecio praealtus Bertol.
Senecio repens Dulac
Senecio scanorensis L. ex Steud.
Senecio siculus Jan ex DC.
Senecio tasconensis Martrin-Donos
Senecio viridulus Martrin-Donos
Common Name: Hoary Groundsel
Jacobaea erucifolias is a weakly-branched, erect, perennial plant with a creeping, rhizomatous rootstock; it can grow around 40 - 100cm tall[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine..
All parts of the plant are poisonous to many mammals, including humans. The toxin affects the liver and has a cumulative affect[
]. Some mammals, such as rabbits, do not seem to be harmed by the plant, and will often seek it out[
]. Various birds also eat the leaves and seeds[
Eurasia - Sweden to Britain and Spain, east to eastern Siberia, Mongolia, Kazakhstan and Iran
Forest edges in birch groves, pine woodlands, birch-aspen forests, scrubs, wet floodplain meadows, gravel beds, alkaline steppes, dry slopes, banks of irrigation canals, especially on heavy soils, occasionally in standing grain crops[
The plant is likely to require a sunny position and to succeed in most moderate to heavy soils, including those of an alkaline nature[
The plant is used in plasters, ointments and poultices[
This species is related to the commongroundsel, Senecio vulgaris, and is said to have similar properties[
]. These are:-
The whole herb is anthelmintic, antiscorbutic, diaphoretic, diuretic, emmenagogue and purgative[
]. It is often used as a poultice and is said to be useful in treating sickness of the stomach, whilst a weak infusion is used as a simple and easy purgative[
]. The plant can be harvested in May and dried for later use, or the fresh juice can be extracted and used as required[
]. Use with caution[
], see notes above on toxicity.
Seed - sow spring in situ.
Division in spring.