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Useful Temperate Plants

Hylodesmum podocarpum

(DC.) H.Ohashi & R.R.Mill

Fabaceae


The Hylodesmum podocarpum complex is extremely variable in the shape of the terminal leaflets, although the taxa resemble each other in having laxly flowered inflorescences, small flowers, nonclawed wings and keel petals, broadly subobovate small articles, and similar areas of distribution. The taxonomic ranks for these infraspecific taxa are somewhat confusing. Huang considers the complex to consist of one species, Podocarpium podocarpum, including four varieties, while Ohashi and Mill (loc. cit.) consider it to consist of Hylodesmum podocarpum and three subspecies, one of which contains a variety[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].

+ Synonyms

Desmodium bodinieri H.Lév.

Desmodium fallax Schindl.

Desmodium japonicum Miq.

Desmodium mandshuricum (Maxim.) Schindl.

Desmodium maximowiczii Makino

Desmodium oxyphyllum DC.

Desmodium podocarpum DC.

Desmodium racemosum (Thunb.) DC.

Desmodium szechuenense (Craib) Schindl.

Hedysarum podocarpon (DC.) Spreng.

Hedysarum podocarpum (DC.) Spreng.

Hedysarum racemosum Murray

Hedysarum racemosum Thunb.

Meibomia japonica (Miq.) Kuntze

Meibomia podocarpa (Thunb.) Kuntze

Podocarpium fallax (Schindl.) C.Chen & X.J.Cui

Podocarpium mandshuricum (Maxim.) Czerep.

Podocarpium podocarpum (DC.) Y.C.Yang & P.H.Huang

Common Name:

Hylodesmum podocarpum
Flowering stem
Photograph by: harum.koh
Creative Commons License
Hylodesmum podocarpum Hylodesmum podocarpum Hylodesmum podocarpum

General Information

Hylodesmum podocarpum is a herbaceous perennial plant with erect stems 50 - 110cm tall[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and sometimes as a food.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

58
Title
Flora of Japan. (English translation)
Publication
 
Author
Ohwi. G.
Publisher
Smithsonian Institution
Year
1965
ISBN
-
Description
The standard work. Brilliant, but not for the casual reader.
,
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

E. Asia - Russian Far East, China, Japan, Korea, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, Indonesia, Philippines.

Habitat

Roadsides, grassy slopes, grasslands on high mountains, mountain slopes, forests, thickets, forest margins and ditches; at elevations from 100 - 2,100 metres[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitPerennial
Height0.80 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Hylodesmum podocarpum has a very wide range, from the cold temperate regions of northeast China to the tropical mountains of the Philippines.
Requires a well-drained soil and a sunny sheltered position[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
755
Title
Nodulation Plants in GRIN Taxonomy
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ars-grin.gov/~sbmljw/cgi-bin/taxnodul.pl?language=en
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database listing plants that have either positive or negative reports on root and stem nodulation with nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
].

Edible Uses

Seed - cooked. Ground into a powder or steamed[
177
Title
Plants for Human Consumption.
Publication
 
Author
Kunkel. G.
Publisher
Koeltz Scientific Books
Year
1984
ISBN
3874292169
Description
An excellent book for the dedicated. A comprehensive listing of Latin names with a brief list of edible parts.
]. (this report is for ssp oxyphyllum)

Medicinal

The whole plant, including the root bark, is used for reducing fever and curing malaria, treating coughs and bleeding wounds[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
,
1422
Title
Analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic activities of the petroleum ether fraction from the ethanol extract of
Publication
Journal of Ethnopharmacology 133 (2011) 1126-1131
Author
Zhan-Zhou Zhu et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2010.11.042
Publisher
 
Year
2011
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

The whole plant is used medicinally for treating dysentery and rheumatism[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
]. (this report is for ssp fallax)

A tincture of the plant is used as a respiratory stimulant[
218
Title
Medicinal Plants of China
Publication
 
Author
Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S.
Publisher
Reference Publications, Inc.
Year
1985
ISBN
0-917256-20-4
Description
Details of over 1,200 medicinal plants of China and brief details of their uses. Often includes an analysis, or at least a list of constituents. Heavy going if you are not into the subject.
]. A decoction of the plant is diaphoretic[
218
Title
Medicinal Plants of China
Publication
 
Author
Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S.
Publisher
Reference Publications, Inc.
Year
1985
ISBN
0-917256-20-4
Description
Details of over 1,200 medicinal plants of China and brief details of their uses. Often includes an analysis, or at least a list of constituents. Heavy going if you are not into the subject.
]. (this report is for ssp oxyphyllum)

The plant has been shown to have antinociceptive, antiinflammatory and antipyretic activities[
1422
Title
Analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic activities of the petroleum ether fraction from the ethanol extract of
Publication
Journal of Ethnopharmacology 133 (2011) 1126-1131
Author
Zhan-Zhou Zhu et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2010.11.042
Publisher
 
Year
2011
ISBN
 
Description
 
]

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a greenhouse. Scarify and pre-soak stored seed for 5 hours in warm water then sow early spring in a greenhouse. The seed usually germinates within 1 - 4 months at 25°c. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots once they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out in late spring or early summer and consider giving them some protection from frost in their first winter outdoors.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood with a heel, mid summer in a frame.
Division as the plant comes into growth in the spring. Larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.
Root cuttings in winter.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2019-07-19. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Hylodesmum+podocarpum>

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