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Common Name: Lacebark
Hoheria populnea is an evergreen tree that can grow up to 5.00 metres tall.
It has medicinal and miscellaneous uses.
New Zealand - North Islands south to latitude 38°s.
Coastal to lowland forests, by river banks and on woodland edges[
Grows in any good, well-drained soil[
]. Requires a position in full sun[
] or dappled shade[
], succeeding in acid or alkaline soils[
]. Plants grown in a soil that is overly rich produce a lot of sappy growth that is more susceptible to frost damage[
]. Withstands strong winds but is best if given protection from cold north-easterly winds[
]. Another report says that it requires a position sheltered from strong winds[
]. Prefers a moist atmosphere[
]. Prefers a maritime climate[
]. Plants grow best in an open clearing in a woodland garden[
A very ornamental plant[
], it is only hardy in the milder areas of the country[
], tolerating temperatures down to about -10°c[
]. Plants are prone to damage at temperatures lower than -5°c[
A very variable plant[
], leaves of young plants are often deeply lobed but on older plants they are more or less entire and toothed[
]. Juvenile plants also have a compact shrubby habit, quite unlike the mature plant[
]. There are some named forms selected for their ornamental value[
Plants are subject to attacks by the coral-spot fungus, especially after cool wet summers[
]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[
A good butterfly plant[
]. The Maori made a jelly by soaking the inner bark in cold water and used it both externally for sore and weak eyes, and internally for soothing the digestive system[
A very strong fibre is obtained from the inner bark[
]. It is used for making ropes, cord etc[
]. The inner bark can be beaten into felted bark sheets similar to tapa cloth (Broussonetia papyrifera)[
]. The fibre, in this case, can be produced by beating strips of bark on a flat surface with a wooden mallet. A very fine cloth can be made in this way, the more the bark is beaten the finer the cloth becomes. Larger sizes can be made by overlapping 2 pieces of bark and beating them together[
]. The fibre is also used as ornamentation in basket making and for bonnets etc[
Wood - white, very tough. Used by cabinet makers, it also makes an excellent fuel[
Seed - sow autumn in a greenhouse. It usually germinates freely[
]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 7 - 10cm with a heel, mid summer in a shady position in a frame. The cuttings should be put in 12cm pots. A fair to good percentage[
Layering in mid spring. Takes 12 months[