The Temperate Database is in the process of being updated, with new records being added and old ones being checked and brought up to date where necessary. This record has not yet been checked and updated.
Cuprespinnata heterophylla (Brongn.) J.Nelson
Cuprespinnata sinensis (J.Forbes) J.Nelson
Cupressus nucifera Carrière
Glyptostrobus aquaticus (Roxb.) R.Parker
Glyptostrobus heterophyllus (Brongn.) Endl.
Glyptostrobus sinensis A.Henry ex Loder
Juniperus aquatica Roxb.
Sabina aquatica (Roxb.) Antoine
Schubertia nucifera Denham ex Endl.
Taxodium heterophyllum Brongn.
Taxodium japonicum Dehnh. ex Gordon
Taxodium sinense J.Forbes
Thuja lavandulifolia Poir.
Thuja pensilis Abel
Thuja pensilis Staunton ex D.Don
Common Name: Chinese Swamp Cypress
Visible here are the pollen cones (brown) and young seed cones (pale pinkish-grey), presumably at a stage following soon after pollination, as pollen appears already to have been shed by the pollen cones.
Photograph by: Tony Rodd
Tree growing at Nanhua Temple
Photograph by: Geographer
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0
Photograph by: Sciadopitys
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0
Ripening seed cone
Photograph by: KENPEI
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0
Glyptostrobus pensilis is a deciduous tree up to 10.00 metres tall.
It is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of materials..
This species is widely cultivated in southern China and planted along rivers and canals as well as in parks; except for the latter localities mostly to harvest the timber followed by replanting[
Glyptostrobus pensilis was formerly very widespread in China, Viet Nam and possibly Lao PDR. In China and Viet Nam most of the natural plants have been killed due to expanding agriculture. It appears that there are no plants remaining in the wild in China and that the only remaining natural subpopulations are in Viet Nam and Lao PDR. Although the total number of trees is more than 250, very few, if any are producing viable seed and the majority of trees in Viet Nam are in decline. The plant is classified as 'Critically Endangered' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
E. Asia - southeast China (Fujian, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Jiangxi), Vietnam, ?Laos
Heliophilous, it is intolerant of competition and usually grows in pure stands or solitary along streams. Mainly found on river floodplains and in deltas, always near or in water, where it develops a buttressed base and occasionally pneumatophores[
|Conservation Status||Critically Endangered
This species is rarely hardy in Britain[
], plants do not succeed outdoors at Kew[
]. Although said to succeed in zone 8, this species is barely hardy in colder zones without hot humid summers (to ripen the wood) and even then only attains 3 - 4 metres in height[
]. The southern distribution of this species is quite hardy but is sometimes thought to be tender due to its being planted in the wrong site. It must be given a wet soil, preferably standing water[
Requires a sunny position[
]. Thriving beside water and in damp places, plants require a very damp soil and will prove hardier if they are standing in up to 60cm of water[
]. They prefer growing in areas with hot summers and will die within 2 years if they are planted in a dry site[
This species is considered to be a symbol of good luck in its native regions and consequently it is not normally deliberately felled by villagers[
Slower growing than the vegetatively similar swamp cypress, Taxodium distichum, it is late coming into leaf in the spring and also to lose its leaves in the autumn[
Trees occasionally reach 25 metres tall in the wild[
Antidote, oxytocic. Cures ascites, treats animal bites and dropsy of pregnant women[
A decoction of the shoots is used in the treatment of fever, hepatitis, skin complaints etc. It is said to be an anodyne for animal bites[
The wood is reputed to have anti-cancer properties in Vietnam, although there is no scientific evidence to support this[
Having an extensive root system, it is often planted in wet places for erosion control, to stabilize river banks and paddy field walls[
]. It is also used as a windbreak[
The roots have high buoyancy and are used
Tannins extracted from the bark and the cone scales are used in tanning, dyeing, and fishing nets[
Wind-felled trees are used in constructing buildings, bridges and furniture[
The rather soft, yellowish wood is like most cupressaceous wood decay resistant and finds uses in China ranging from furniture to building of bridges[
]. In Viet Nam the wood is highly valued for crafts[
The wood of the roots is very light and has a high buoyancy. It is used for making items such as life buoys, bottle corks, etc[
Seed - we have no information for this species but suggest sowing the seed in a cold greenhouse in late winter. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Give the plants some protection from the cold for their first few winters outdoors.
Cuttings. Again, no details but we would try taking cuttings of mature wood in the late autumn or winter in a frame.