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Useful Temperate Plants

Glycyrrhiza triphylla

Fisch. & C.A.Mey.

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Meristotropis triphylla (Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) Fisch. & C.A.Mey.

Glycyrrhiza erythrocarpa (Vassilcz.) M.N.Abdull.

Meristotropis erythrocarpa Vassilcz.

Meristotropis xanthioides Vassilcz.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Glycyrrhiza triphylla is a herbaceous perennial plant with stems branching from a woody base. The stems can grow 20 - 40cm long[
74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
We have found no records of current or past usage of this species, but research papers show its potential as a food and medicine.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.

Range

W. Asia - Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Iran, Afghanistan to Pakistan

Habitat

Stony slopes, especially in river valleys, springs, etc[
74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *
Medicinal Rating *
Other Uses Rating *
HabitPerennial
Height0.30 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Grows best in a sunny position. Requires a deep well cultivated fertile moisture-retentive soil for good root production[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Prefers a sandy soil with abundant moisture[
238
Title
Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses.
Publication
 
Author
Bown. D.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley, London.
Year
1995
ISBN
0-7513-020-31
Description
A very well presented and informative book on herbs from around the globe. Plenty in it for both the casual reader and the serious student. Just one main quibble is the silly way of having two separate entries for each plant.
]. A slightly alkaline soil produces the best plants[
238
Title
Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses.
Publication
 
Author
Bown. D.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley, London.
Year
1995
ISBN
0-7513-020-31
Description
A very well presented and informative book on herbs from around the globe. Plenty in it for both the casual reader and the serious student. Just one main quibble is the silly way of having two separate entries for each plant.
].
Unless seed is required, the plant is usually prevented from flowering so that it puts more energy into producing good quality roots[
238
Title
Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses.
Publication
 
Author
Bown. D.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley, London.
Year
1995
ISBN
0-7513-020-31
Description
A very well presented and informative book on herbs from around the globe. Plenty in it for both the casual reader and the serious student. Just one main quibble is the silly way of having two separate entries for each plant.
].
A very deep-rooted plant, it can be difficult to eradicate once it is established[
238
Title
Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses.
Publication
 
Author
Bown. D.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley, London.
Year
1995
ISBN
0-7513-020-31
Description
A very well presented and informative book on herbs from around the globe. Plenty in it for both the casual reader and the serious student. Just one main quibble is the silly way of having two separate entries for each plant.
].
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Edible Uses

An essential oil obtained from the aerial portions of the plant has potential as a natural food preservative in the food industry[
1477
Title
Identification and biological activity of the volatile compounds of Glycyrrhiza triphylla Fisch. & C.A.Mey
Publication
Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 109, August 2017, Pages 39-44
Author
AbolfazlShakeri et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micpath.2017.05.022
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Medicinal

An essential oil is obtained from the leaves and stems. It comprises more than 50 compounds, the major ones being beta-caryophyllene (25.4%), limonene (16.7%), beta-myrcene (16.0%) and alpha-humulene (4.4%). The oil has een shown to be an effective antibacterial against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, especially against Micrococcus luteus. The oil is also a very active antioxidant[
1477
Title
Identification and biological activity of the volatile compounds of Glycyrrhiza triphylla Fisch. & C.A.Mey
Publication
Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 109, August 2017, Pages 39-44
Author
AbolfazlShakeri et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micpath.2017.05.022
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

The root contains many of the compounds found in other, medicinally used, licorice species (including Glycyrrhiza glabra and Glycyrrhiza uralensis) and is of potential use as a herbal treatment[
1478
Title
In depth chemical investigation of Glycyrrhiza triphylla Fisch roots guided by a preliminary HPLC-ESIMS n profiling
Publication
Food Chemistry January 2018
Author
Abolfazl Shakeri et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2017.12.031
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
 
Description
 
,
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Other Uses

A methanolic extract of the roots contains glycyrrhizic acid, a known sweetening agent. This makes the roots of potential use in confectionery production or as a sweetening and flavouring agent in the food, tobacco and beer industries[
1478
Title
In depth chemical investigation of Glycyrrhiza triphylla Fisch roots guided by a preliminary HPLC-ESIMS n profiling
Publication
Food Chemistry January 2018
Author
Abolfazl Shakeri et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2017.12.031
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

An essential oil obtained from the plant has medicinal potential[
1477
Title
Identification and biological activity of the volatile compounds of Glycyrrhiza triphylla Fisch. & C.A.Mey
Publication
Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 109, August 2017, Pages 39-44
Author
AbolfazlShakeri et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micpath.2017.05.022
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Propagation

Pre-soak the seed for 24 hours in warm water and then sow spring or autumn in a greenhouse[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle, and grow them on for their first winter in a greenhouse. Plant out in late spring or early summer when in active growth. Plants are rather slow to grow from seed[
238
Title
Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses.
Publication
 
Author
Bown. D.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley, London.
Year
1995
ISBN
0-7513-020-31
Description
A very well presented and informative book on herbs from around the globe. Plenty in it for both the casual reader and the serious student. Just one main quibble is the silly way of having two separate entries for each plant.
].
Division of the root in spring or autumn. Each division must have at least one growth bud. Autumn divisions can either be replanted immediately or stored in clamps until the spring and then be planted out[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. It is best to pt up the smaller divisions and grow them on in a cold frame until they are established before planting them out in the spring or summer.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2021-01-21. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Glycyrrhiza+triphylla>

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