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Useful Temperate Plants

Gleditsia microphylla

D.A.Gordon ex Y.T.Lee

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Gleditsia heterophylla Bunge

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Gleditsia microphylla is a deciduous shrub or small tree usually growing 2 - 4 metres tall. The stems and branches are armed with long, needle-like spines 15 - 65mm long with few, short branches[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine. It is harvested on a commercial basis for its seed, which is the source of a gum.
Gleditsia microphylla has a wide natural distribution range, occurring in northern and eastern China where it appears to be fairly common and at present there are no major known threats to this species. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

E. Asia - northern and eastern China (Anhui, ?Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Jiangsu, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi)

Habitat

Sunny uplands, hills and slopes, roadsides; at elevations from 100 - 1,300 metres[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
,
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitDeciduous Shrub
Height3.00 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Gleditsia microphylla is fairly cold-hardy, with older trees being able to tolerate temperatures down to around -20°c when fully dormant. The tree has a habit though, especially when young, of producing new growth until quite late in the season. Especially in areas where the summers are not hot, this new growth will not ripen fully and will be liable to be cut back by the cold in the winter. Older plants tend to lose this habit. Generally, the plant should be considered to only be hardy to about -5°c when young, especially if growing in areas with cooler summers[
11
Title
Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
Publication
 
Author
Bean. W.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1981
ISBN
-
Description
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
].
Easily grown in a loamy soil, requiring a sunny position[
11
Title
Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
Publication
 
Author
Bean. W.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1981
ISBN
-
Description
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
]. Succeeds in most soils[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
] including sandy ones[
188
Title
The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers
Publication
 
Author
Brickell. C.
Publisher
Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd.
Year
1990
ISBN
0-86318-386-7
Description
Excellent range of photographs, some cultivation details but very little information on plant uses.
]. Tolerates drought once established[
1
Title
RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Publication
 
Author
F. Chittendon.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1951
ISBN
-
Description
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaced in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
] and atmospheric pollution[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Trees have a light canopy, they come into leaf late in the spring and drop their leaves in early autumn[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
] making them an excellent top storey tree in a woodland garden.
Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Edible Uses

A gum obtained from the seeds is used in the food industry[
1472
Title
Physicochemical Characteristics of Gradual Fractionation Ingredients of Industrial Galactomannan Gums from Gleditsia
Publication
Bioresources · July 2016
Author
Yu-dong Liu et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.15376/biores.11.3.7046-7060
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
 
Description
 
]

The reddish brown to deep brown, obliquely elliptic or obliquely oblong, flat, thin, seedspods are 3 - 6cm long and 1 - 2cm wide. They contain 1 - 3, bownish, compressed, ovoid or oblong seeds 7 - 10mm x 6 - 7mm[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].

Medicinal

The plant is used for the treatment of various cancers and heart, vascular, and infectious diseases[
1472
Title
Physicochemical Characteristics of Gradual Fractionation Ingredients of Industrial Galactomannan Gums from Gleditsia
Publication
Bioresources · July 2016
Author
Yu-dong Liu et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.15376/biores.11.3.7046-7060
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

The spines contain antimicrobial components, such as flavonoid glycosides, phenols, and amino acids. They have been used to cure swelling, suppuration, and other skin diseases[
1472
Title
Physicochemical Characteristics of Gradual Fractionation Ingredients of Industrial Galactomannan Gums from Gleditsia
Publication
Bioresources · July 2016
Author
Yu-dong Liu et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.15376/biores.11.3.7046-7060
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
 
Description
 
]

Agroforestry Uses:

When planted close together and severely pruned, most Gleditsia species form good windbreaks and hedges. With their usually very spiny trunks and branches, the hedge becomes an effective barrier, and with its ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen, it also enriches the soil[
865
Title
Chinese Economic Trees
Publication
 
Author
Woon Young Chun
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Commercial Press; Shanghai.
Year
1921
ISBN
 
Description
Brief details of many of the Chinese trees with economic importance. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Other Uses

The endosperm of the seed is a rich source of galactomannans. These are neutral, water-soluble polysaccharides with a diverse structure and a wide range of physicochemical properties, resulting in their broad application as thickening, water holding, and stabilizing agents in food products (Brummer et al. 2003). Galactomannans are also essential hydrophilic materials with a variety of properties, such as being nontoxic, biodegradable, inexpensive,
and readily available[
1472
Title
Physicochemical Characteristics of Gradual Fractionation Ingredients of Industrial Galactomannan Gums from Gleditsia
Publication
Bioresources · July 2016
Author
Yu-dong Liu et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.15376/biores.11.3.7046-7060
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The galactomannan obtained from this plant has shown excellent behavior as a release-controlling agent in sustained release matrix tablets used for colonic drug delivery. It is also used currently for food, health care products, and cosmetic[
1472
Title
Physicochemical Characteristics of Gradual Fractionation Ingredients of Industrial Galactomannan Gums from Gleditsia
Publication
Bioresources · July 2016
Author
Yu-dong Liu et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.15376/biores.11.3.7046-7060
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Propagation

Seed - pre-soak for 24 hours in warm water and then sow in spring in a greenhouse[
78
Title
Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers.
Publication
 
Author
Sheat. W. G.
Publisher
MacMillan and Co
Year
1948
ISBN
-
Description
A bit dated but a good book on propagation techniques with specific details for a wide range of plants.
]. The seed should have swollen up, in which case it can be sown, if it has not swollen then soak it for another 24 hours in warm water. If this does not work then file away some of the seed coat but be careful not to damage the embryo[
78
Title
Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers.
Publication
 
Author
Sheat. W. G.
Publisher
MacMillan and Co
Year
1948
ISBN
-
Description
A bit dated but a good book on propagation techniques with specific details for a wide range of plants.
]. Further soaking should then cause the seed to swell. One it has swollen, the seed should germinate within 2 - 4 weeks at 20°c. As soon as they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual deep pots and plant them out into their permanent positions in the summer. Give the plants some protection from the cold for their first few winters outdoors.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2019-05-19. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Gleditsia+microphylla>

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