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Common Name: Indian Physic
Gillenia trifoliata is a perennial plant that can grow up to 1.20 metres tall.
It is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine..
Eastern N. America - Ontario and New York, east to Michigan and south to Georgia and Missouri.
Rocky open woods[
]. Rich woods[
Easily grown in a rather moist but well-drained lime-free peaty soil in semi-shade[
]. Succeeds in any well-drained soil[
]. Succeeds in a sunny position but requires shade at the hottest part of the day[
A very ornamental plant, but it can be difficult to establish due to slug damage[
]. The stems usually require support[
The dried powdered root bark is cathartic, slightly diaphoretic, a mild and efficient emetic, expectorant and tonic[
]. Minute doses are used internally in the treatment of colds, chronic diarrhoea, constipation, asthma and other bronchial complaints[
]. The roots have been used externally in the treatment of rheumatism[
]. A cold infusion of the roots has been given, or the root chewed, in the treatment of bee and other stings[
]. The roots are harvested in the autumn, the bark is removed and dried for later use[
A tea made from the whole plant is strongly laxative and emetic[
]. Minute doses are used internally in the treatment of colds, indigestion, asthma and hepatitis[
]. A poultice or wash is used in the treatment of rheumatism, bee stings and swellings[
]. A decoction or strong infusion of the whole plant has been taken a pint at a time as an emetic[
A poultice of the plant has been used to treat leg swellings[
The plant has been used in the treatment of toothaches[
Seed - sow spring or autumn in a cold frame[
]. Prick out the seedlings when they are large enough to handle and grow on for the first year in a lightly shaded area of the greenhouse or cold frame. Plant out in late spring and protect from slugs until well established.
Division in spring or autumn[