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Useful Temperate Plants

Gaultheria racemulosa

(DC.) D.J.Middleton

Ericaceae

+ Synonyms

Arbutus rigida Bertero ex Colla

Pernettya bridgesii Phil.

Pernettya mucronata mutica Hook. & Arn.

Pernettya racemulosa DC.

Pernettya rigida (Bertero) DC.

Common Name:

Gaultheria racemulosa
Drawing of the plant - Fig E only (as Pernettya rigida)
Photograph by: Voyage au Pole Sud 1853
Creative Commons License

General Information

Gaultheria racemulosa is a low-growing, evergreen shrub, suckering to form a thicket of growth[
1184
Title
Dioecy and wind pollination in Pernettya rigida (Ericaceae) of the Juan Fernández Islands
Publication
Botanical Joumal of the Linnean Society (2000).132: 121-141.
Author
Anderson G.J.; Bernardello G.; Lopez P.; Stuessy T.F.; Crawf
Publisher
 
Year
2000
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

S. America - Juan Fernández Islands

Habitat

Exposed and barren ridges, often forming low impenetrable thickets[
1184
Title
Dioecy and wind pollination in Pernettya rigida (Ericaceae) of the Juan Fernández Islands
Publication
Botanical Joumal of the Linnean Society (2000).132: 121-141.
Author
Anderson G.J.; Bernardello G.; Lopez P.; Stuessy T.F.; Crawf
Publisher
 
Year
2000
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Shrub
Height1.00 m
PollinatorsWind, Insects
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Gaultheria racemulosa is native to the Juan Fernández Islands of S. America. The climate there is subtropical Mediterranean, with only occasional frosts being experienced at the higher elevations. Annual rainfall varies from 318 - 1,698mm, averaging 1,081mm.
Prefers a cool moist but not boggy humus rich soil in shade or semi-shade[
11
Title
Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
Publication
 
Author
Bean. W.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1981
ISBN
-
Description
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
,
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. A peat and moisture loving species, it requires a lime-free soil[
11
Title
Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
Publication
 
Author
Bean. W.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1981
ISBN
-
Description
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
,
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Plants are found in the wild in very windy situations[
1184
Title
Dioecy and wind pollination in Pernettya rigida (Ericaceae) of the Juan Fernández Islands
Publication
Botanical Joumal of the Linnean Society (2000).132: 121-141.
Author
Anderson G.J.; Bernardello G.; Lopez P.; Stuessy T.F.; Crawf
Publisher
 
Year
2000
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
1184
Title
Dioecy and wind pollination in Pernettya rigida (Ericaceae) of the Juan Fernández Islands
Publication
Botanical Joumal of the Linnean Society (2000).132: 121-141.
Author
Anderson G.J.; Bernardello G.; Lopez P.; Stuessy T.F.; Crawf
Publisher
 
Year
2000
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Edible Uses

Fruit - raw or cooked[
177
Title
Plants for Human Consumption.
Publication
 
Author
Kunkel. G.
Publisher
Koeltz Scientific Books
Year
1984
ISBN
3874292169
Description
An excellent book for the dedicated. A comprehensive listing of Latin names with a brief list of edible parts.
,
1185
Title
Los nombres vulgares de las Plants Silvestres de Chile i su concordancia con los nombres cientificos
Publication
Annales de la Universidad Tomo 147, Ano 78
Author
Victor Manuel Baeza
Publisher
 
Year
1920
ISBN
 
Description
A list of Chilean common names, listing the botanical name, a brief description and, often, a list of uses.
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

The seed requires a period of cold stratification. Pre-chill for 4 - 10 weeks and then surface sow in a lime-free compost in a shady part of the greenhouse and keep the compost moist[
78
Title
Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers.
Publication
 
Author
Sheat. W. G.
Publisher
MacMillan and Co
Year
1948
ISBN
-
Description
A bit dated but a good book on propagation techniques with specific details for a wide range of plants.
]. The seed usually germinates well, usually within 1 - 2 months at 20°c, but the seedlings are liable to damp off. It is important to water them with care and to ensure that they get plenty of ventilation. Watering them with a garlic infusion can also help to prevent damping of[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are about 25mm tall and grow them on in light shade in the greenhouse for at least their first winter[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
]. Plant them out in late spring or early summer. The seedlings are susceptible to spring frosts so might need some protection for their first few years outdoors. The leaves remain very small for the first few years[
11
Title
Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
Publication
 
Author
Bean. W.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1981
ISBN
-
Description
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
].
Cuttings of half-ripe wood 3 - 6cm long, mid summer in a frame in a shady position. They form roots in late summer or spring[
78
Title
Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers.
Publication
 
Author
Sheat. W. G.
Publisher
MacMillan and Co
Year
1948
ISBN
-
Description
A bit dated but a good book on propagation techniques with specific details for a wide range of plants.
]. A good percentage usually take.
Division in spring when new growth is about 7cm tall. Larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2018-12-15. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Gaultheria+racemulosa>

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