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Common Name: Hedge Bedstraw
Galium mollugo is a perennial plant that can grow up to 1.20 metres tall.
It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials.
Most of Europe, including Britain, to N. Africa and temperate Asia.
Hedgebanks, open woodland, scrub and grassy slopes, especially on base-rich and calcareous soils[
|Pollinators||Flies, Beetles, Self
Prefers a loose moist leafy soil in some shade[
]. Tolerates dry soils but the leaves quickly become scorched when growing in full sun[
]. This species does not thrive in a hot climate[
A polymorphic species[
Leaves - raw or cooked[
The plant is lithontripic and vulnerary. It is also used in the treatment of epilepsy and hysteria[
A number of species in this genus contain asperuloside, a substance that produces coumarin and gives the scent of new-mown hay as the plant dries[
]. Asperuloside can be converted into prostaglandins (hormone-like compounds that stimulate the uterus and affect blood vessels), making the genus of great interest to the pharmaceutical industry[
A red dye is obtained from the root[
]. It is very fiddly to utilize[
A good ground cover for growing in cool shade under shrubs or in the woodland garden[
Seed - best sown in situ as soon as it is ripe in late summer[
]. The seed can also be sown in spring though it may be very slow to germinate[
]. This plant does not really need any help to reproduce itself.
Division in spring or throughout the growing season if the plants are kept well watered[
]. Very easy, larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.