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Common Name: Hedge Bedstraw
Galium mollugo is a perennial plant that can grow up to 1.20 metres tall.
It has edible, medicinal and miscellaneous uses.
Most of Europe, including Britain, to N. Africa and temperate Asia.
Hedgebanks, open woodland, scrub and grassy slopes, especially on base-rich and calcareous soils[
|Pollinators||Flies, Beetles, Self
Prefers a loose moist leafy soil in some shade[
]. Tolerates dry soils but the leaves quickly become scorched when growing in full sun[
]. This species does not thrive in a hot climate[
A polymorphic species[
Leaves - raw or cooked[
The plant is lithontripic and vulnerary. It is also used in the treatment of epilepsy and hysteria[
A number of species in this genus contain asperuloside, a substance that produces coumarin and gives the scent of new-mown hay as the plant dries[
]. Asperuloside can be converted into prostaglandins (hormone-like compounds that stimulate the uterus and affect blood vessels), making the genus of great interest to the pharmaceutical industry[
A red dye is obtained from the root[
]. It is very fiddly to utilize[
A good ground cover for growing in cool shade under shrubs or in the woodland garden[
Seed - best sown in situ as soon as it is ripe in late summer[
]. The seed can also be sown in spring though it may be very slow to germinate[
]. This plant does not really need any help to reproduce itself.
Division in spring or throughout the growing season if the plants are kept well watered[
]. Very easy, larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.