Ornus xanthoxyloides G.Don
Ornus moorcroftiana G.Don
Fraxinus moorcroftiana (G.Don) Brandis
Fraxinus oxyacanthifolia Dippel
Fraxinus xanthoxyloides is a deciduous shrub or small tree that can grow up to 7.5 metres tall[
This species of ash is of considerable socioeconomic importance notably in Pakistan with medicinal, timber, fuelwood and fodder uses[
]. The plant is also grown as an ornamental.
Fraxinus xanthoxyloides has a wide distribution and is assumed to have a large global population size. The species is not considered to experience major threats and is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2017)[
E. Asia - Afghanistan, western China (Xizang), northern Pakistan, northwest India
Found mainly in the dry inner valleys of the Himalayas[
]. Dry slopes in valleys; at elevations from 1,000 - 2,800 metres[
|Conservation Status||Least Concern
|Other Uses Rating||
Fraxinus xanthyloides is not a very cold-hardy plant, able to tolerate short periods with temperatures down to around -8°c when fully dormant[
Prefers a deep loamy soil, even if it is on the heavy side[
]. Most members of this genus are gross feeders and require a rich soil[
]. Plants succeed when growing in exposed positions[
] and also in alkaline soils[
]. They tolerate atmospheric pollution[
A dioecious species - both male and female forms must be grown if fruit and seed are required.
Different parts of the plant are used traditionally in the treatment of internal wounds, bone fracture, pain, jaundice, malaria and in pneumonia[
Fraxinus species in general are gross feeders with an extensive, fibrous root system, which makes transplanting easy, but means that other species will often not grow well if planted nearby, especially if they are shallow rooted[
The white wood is close grained, hard. It is used for making tool handles and walking sticks[
The wood is a good fuel[
The seed is best harvested green - as soon as it is fully developed but before it has fully dried on the tree - and can then be sown immediately in a cold frame[
]. It usually germinates in the spring[
]. Stored seed requires a period of cold stratification and is best sown as soon as possible in a cold frame[
]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions or a nursery bed in late spring or early summer of the following year.
If you have sufficient seed then it is possible to sow it directly into an outdoor seedbed, preferably in the autumn. Grow the seedlings on in the seedbed for 2 years before transplanting either to their permanent positions or to nursery beds.