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Common Name: Arizona Ash
Fraxinus velutina is a Deciduous Tree up to 12.00 metres tall.
It has miscellaneous uses.
South-western N. America - Texas to Nevada and California.
Along the banks of streams, rivers and moist washes, generally in canyons, to 2000 metres[
Prefers a deep loamy soil, even if it is on the heavy side[
]. Most members of this genus are gross feeders and require a rich soil[
]. Plants succeed when growing in exposed positions[
] and also in alkaline soils[
]. They tolerate atmospheric pollution[
A polymorphic species[
Trees brow best in the E. and S.E. of Britain[
A dioecious species - both male and female forms must be grown if fruit and seed are required.
A fairly wind resistant tree, it can be grown as part of a shelterbelt planting[
Wood - close-grained, rather soft, not strong, fairly heavy. Used locally to make axe handles and in the manufacture of wagons[
The seed is best harvested green - as soon as it is fully developed but before it has fully dried on the tree - and can then be sown immediately in a cold frame[
]. It usually germinates in the spring[
]. Stored seed requires a period of cold stratification and is best sown as soon as possible in a cold frame[
]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions or a nursery bed in late spring or early summer of the following year.
If you have sufficient seed then it is possible to sow it directly into an outdoor seedbed, preferably in the autumn. Grow the seedlings on in the seedbed for 2 years before transplanting either to their permanent positions or to nursery beds.