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Useful Temperate Plants

Fraxinus uhdei

(Wenz.) Lingelsh.

Oleaceae

+ Synonyms

Fraxinus americana ovalifolia Wenz.

Fraxinus americana uhdei Wenz

Fraxinus cavekiana Standl. & Steyerm.

Fraxinus chiapensis Lundell

Fraxinus hondurensis Standl.

Fraxinus ovalifolia (Wenz.) Lingelsh.

Common Name: Shamel Ash

Fraxinus uhdei
Tree growing in Makawao Forest Reserve, Hawaii
Photograph by: Forest and Kim Starr
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
Fraxinus uhdei Fraxinus uhdei Fraxinus uhdei Fraxinus uhdei Fraxinus uhdei Fraxinus uhdei Fraxinus uhdei

General Information

Fraxinus uhdei is an evergreen tree with a large canopy; it can grow up to 37 metres tall though is generally more in the range of 15 - 18 metres and is smaller still to the north of its range[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
,
305
Title
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very good website detailing weed species that have been introduced into the Pacific Islands.
,
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
,
792
Title
Fraxinus uhdei (Wenzig) Lingelsh. Fresno, tropical ash. Oleaceae. Olive family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Institute of Tropical Forestry; 4 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 28).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30403
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Fraxinus uhdei. It can be downloaded from the internet.
,
1565
Title
Biblioteca Digital de la Medicina Tradicional Mexicana
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.medicinatradicionalmexicana.unam.mx/index.php
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very valuable on-line resource with detailed information on many hundreds of medicinal plants used in Mexico
]. The straight bole can be 60cm in diameter, with one 54 year old tree reported to have a bole 110cm in diameter[
792
Title
Fraxinus uhdei (Wenzig) Lingelsh. Fresno, tropical ash. Oleaceae. Olive family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Institute of Tropical Forestry; 4 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 28).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30403
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Fraxinus uhdei. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for its good quality timber and for medicinal use (especially in Mexico). It is planted to provide shade and has potential for use in forestry[
792
Title
Fraxinus uhdei (Wenzig) Lingelsh. Fresno, tropical ash. Oleaceae. Olive family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Institute of Tropical Forestry; 4 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 28).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30403
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Fraxinus uhdei. It can be downloaded from the internet.
]. It is grown as an ornamental and is used in reforestation projects[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].
Fraxinus uhdei is a widespread and abundant species which grows in a range of habitat types. It is fast growing, has a high survival rate, and there are currently no major threats for this species. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2017)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].
The tree is planted for ornament and has a prolific rate of seed production - the seeds are dispersed by the wind. It can become invasive, colonizing disturbed areas in forests and precluding the establishment of native plants. The large canopies can shade out most understory species and prevent forest succession[
305
Title
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very good website detailing weed species that have been introduced into the Pacific Islands.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
,
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/

Range

C. America - Costa Rica, Honduras, Guatemala to Mexico.

Habitat

Forests and forest edges. A native of alluvial soils, growing along streams at elevations from 800 - 2,000 metres in Guatemala[
305
Title
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very good website detailing weed species that have been introduced into the Pacific Islands.
,
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
]. Often found on sites such as abandoned pastures in Mexico[
1565
Title
Biblioteca Digital de la Medicina Tradicional Mexicana
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.medicinatradicionalmexicana.unam.mx/index.php
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very valuable on-line resource with detailed information on many hundreds of medicinal plants used in Mexico
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Medicinal Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Shrub
Height8.00 m
Growth RateMedium
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

A plant of the subtropics to the tropics. It is found in areas where the mean annual rainfall can vary from 800 - 3,000mm, with a distinctive dry season of several months. The mean temperature varies from 15 - 20°c in the cool season to 20 - 25°c in the hot season. Frosts are infrequent and light[
792
Title
Fraxinus uhdei (Wenzig) Lingelsh. Fresno, tropical ash. Oleaceae. Olive family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Institute of Tropical Forestry; 4 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 28).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30403
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Fraxinus uhdei. It can be downloaded from the internet.
]. This species can tolerate occasional, short-lived temperatures down to around -8°c[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Plants are shade tolerant, at least when young, requiring more sun as they grow older[
305
Title
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very good website detailing weed species that have been introduced into the Pacific Islands.
,
423
Title
Desert Tropicals
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.desert-tropicals.com/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
The main focus of the site is succulent plants, but it also contains information on a wide range of other species. Usually at least one good photograph, plus basic information about the plant and its cultivation.
]. Prefers moist soil, growing best on alluvial and colluvial soils and poorly on eroded slopes and dry ridges[
792
Title
Fraxinus uhdei (Wenzig) Lingelsh. Fresno, tropical ash. Oleaceae. Olive family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Institute of Tropical Forestry; 4 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 28).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30403
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Fraxinus uhdei. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].
The plant usually has a good rate of growth, averaging height increases of around 1 metre per year when young, gradually decreasing as the tree gets older. Bole diameter increase remains fairly constant at around 1cm a year. In a favourable site in Hawaii 36 year old trees were around 30 metres tall with a bole of 61cm diameter[
792
Title
Fraxinus uhdei (Wenzig) Lingelsh. Fresno, tropical ash. Oleaceae. Olive family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Institute of Tropical Forestry; 4 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 28).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30403
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Fraxinus uhdei. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].
Root growth is shallow and vigorous; it can be destructive to pavements[
423
Title
Desert Tropicals
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.desert-tropicals.com/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
The main focus of the site is succulent plants, but it also contains information on a wide range of other species. Usually at least one good photograph, plus basic information about the plant and its cultivation.
,
792
Title
Fraxinus uhdei (Wenzig) Lingelsh. Fresno, tropical ash. Oleaceae. Olive family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Institute of Tropical Forestry; 4 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 28).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30403
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Fraxinus uhdei. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].
Young trees generally coppice well[
792
Title
Fraxinus uhdei (Wenzig) Lingelsh. Fresno, tropical ash. Oleaceae. Olive family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Institute of Tropical Forestry; 4 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 28).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30403
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Fraxinus uhdei. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The leaves are febrifuge. A decoction, combined with lime juice (Citrus aurantiifolia), is used in the treatment of fevers caused by malaria, typhus etc[
1565
Title
Biblioteca Digital de la Medicina Tradicional Mexicana
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.medicinatradicionalmexicana.unam.mx/index.php
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very valuable on-line resource with detailed information on many hundreds of medicinal plants used in Mexico
]. An infusion is used to treat cough and rabies[
1565
Title
Biblioteca Digital de la Medicina Tradicional Mexicana
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.medicinatradicionalmexicana.unam.mx/index.php
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very valuable on-line resource with detailed information on many hundreds of medicinal plants used in Mexico
]. The leaves are also said to be useful in the treatment of conditions such as diarrhoea, intestinal infections, diabetes, rheumatism, ear pain, weakness or anaemia[
1565
Title
Biblioteca Digital de la Medicina Tradicional Mexicana
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.medicinatradicionalmexicana.unam.mx/index.php
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very valuable on-line resource with detailed information on many hundreds of medicinal plants used in Mexico
]
Applied externally, the leaves are combined with salt to make a wash for treating external wounds[
1565
Title
Biblioteca Digital de la Medicina Tradicional Mexicana
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.medicinatradicionalmexicana.unam.mx/index.php
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very valuable on-line resource with detailed information on many hundreds of medicinal plants used in Mexico
].

The bark is astringent, febrifuge. A decoction, combined with lime juice (Citrus aurantiifolia), is used in the treatment of fevers caused by malaria, typhus etc[
1565
Title
Biblioteca Digital de la Medicina Tradicional Mexicana
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.medicinatradicionalmexicana.unam.mx/index.php
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very valuable on-line resource with detailed information on many hundreds of medicinal plants used in Mexico
]. A decoction of the bark, combined with Citrus aurantium (bark?), cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) and palmita is used in the treatment of bile[
1565
Title
Biblioteca Digital de la Medicina Tradicional Mexicana
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.medicinatradicionalmexicana.unam.mx/index.php
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very valuable on-line resource with detailed information on many hundreds of medicinal plants used in Mexico
]. An infusion is used to treat cough and rabies[
1565
Title
Biblioteca Digital de la Medicina Tradicional Mexicana
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.medicinatradicionalmexicana.unam.mx/index.php
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very valuable on-line resource with detailed information on many hundreds of medicinal plants used in Mexico
]. The bark is also said to be useful in the treatment of conditions such as diarrhoea, intestinal infections, diabetes, rheumatism, ear pain, weakness or anaemia[
1565
Title
Biblioteca Digital de la Medicina Tradicional Mexicana
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.medicinatradicionalmexicana.unam.mx/index.php
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very valuable on-line resource with detailed information on many hundreds of medicinal plants used in Mexico
]
The bark, macerated in water and sometimes combined with lime juice, is applied topically to combat skin problems such as eczema, itching[
1565
Title
Biblioteca Digital de la Medicina Tradicional Mexicana
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.medicinatradicionalmexicana.unam.mx/index.php
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very valuable on-line resource with detailed information on many hundreds of medicinal plants used in Mexico
]. The bark is combined with salt to make a wash for treating external wounds[
1565
Title
Biblioteca Digital de la Medicina Tradicional Mexicana
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.medicinatradicionalmexicana.unam.mx/index.php
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very valuable on-line resource with detailed information on many hundreds of medicinal plants used in Mexico
].

The ethanolic extract of the branches have shown antibiotic activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis[
1565
Title
Biblioteca Digital de la Medicina Tradicional Mexicana
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.medicinatradicionalmexicana.unam.mx/index.php
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very valuable on-line resource with detailed information on many hundreds of medicinal plants used in Mexico
]

Agroforestry Uses:

The tree is fast growing and has a high survival rate. It is commonly cultivated and used in reforestation programs at higher elevations in tropical regions[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].
Fraxinus species in general are gross feeders with an extensive, fibrous root system, which makes transplanting easy, but means that other species will often not grow well if planted nearby, especially if they are shallow rooted[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
],

Other Uses

The wood is a blonde to pale chestnut brown colour. It is straight-grained, hard, heavy, tough, strong, easy to saw, plane and machine. It has a range of uses, including to make baseball bats, tennis rackets, craft work, kitchen utensils, furniture and trim. It is also considered to be suitable for construction, flooring, mine props, shoe lasts and veneer[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
,
792
Title
Fraxinus uhdei (Wenzig) Lingelsh. Fresno, tropical ash. Oleaceae. Olive family.
Publication
USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Institute of Tropical Forestry; 4 p. (SO-ITF-SM; 28).
Author
Francis J.K.
Website
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/30403
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; New Orleans.
Year
1990
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed article on Fraxinus uhdei. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2019-09-16. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Fraxinus+uhdei>

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