Dactylophyllum ehrharti Spenn.
Fragaria × cerino-alba Jord. & Fourr.
Fragaria bargea Poit. & Turpin
Fragaria bifera (Duchesne ex Sm.) Duchesne ex Steud.
Fragaria bifera Duchesne
Fragaria breslingea Duchesne ex Ser.
Fragaria calycina Loisel.
Fragaria campana Poit. & Turpin
Fragaria campestris Steven
Fragaria collina Ehrh.
Fragaria collivaga Jord. & Fourr.
Fragaria consobrina Jord. & Fourr.
Fragaria drymophila Jord. & Fourr.
Fragaria dumetorum Jord.
Fragaria grandiflora Thuill.
Fragaria heterophila Poit. & Turpin
Fragaria hispida Duchesne
Fragaria majaufea Duchesne ex Ser.
Fragaria nigra (Duchesne ex Sm.) Duchesne ex Steud.
Fragaria nigra Duchesne
Fragaria pendula (Weston) Duchesne ex Steud.
Fragaria pendula Duchesne
Fragaria pistillaris Poit. & Turpin
Fragaria praecox Losinsk.
Fragaria pratensis (L.) Duchesne ex Steud.
Fragaria pratensis L. ex Duchesne
Fragaria rubricaulis Jord. & Fourr.
Fragaria silvulicola Jord. & Fourr.
Fragaria soyeriana Jord. & Fourr.
Fragaria suecica Jord. & Fourr.
Fragaria thomasiana Jord. & Fourr.
Fragaria viridis Duchesne
Fragaria zapateriana Pau
Potentilla viridis (Duchesne) Prantl
Potentilla zapateriana (Pau) T.Durand & B.D.Jacks.
Common Name: Green Strawberry
Fragaria viridis is a herbaceous perennial plant forming a rosette of leaves from a central rootstock; it can grow 5 - 20cm tall, spreading by means of short stolons to form colonies.
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food. It is sometimes sold in local markets.
Woods and banks[
]. Open grassy slopes, meadows, meadow steppes, forest edges, among shrubs[
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Prefers a fertile, well-drained, moisture retentive soil in a sunny position[
]. Tolerates semi-shade though fruit production will be reduced when plants grow in such a position.
During the growing season new plants are produced on stolons - prostrate stems emerging from the leaf axils of mature plants. These runners are used as propagation material[
This species is closely related to Fragaria vesca[
Plants are sometimes dioecious. In this case, male and female plants will be needed if fruit and seed is required.
Fruit - raw or cooked[
]. The fruit are greenish-tinged with red and are sweet and succulent with a rich musky pineapple-like flavour[
]. Absolutely delicious, though they are not produced very freely[
An excellent ground cover plant, spreading vigorously by means of surface stolons and forming a dense carpet[
]. It grows well amongst shrubs but can out-compete smaller plants[
Seed - sow early spring in a greenhouse. The seed can take 4 weeks or more to germinate. The seedlings are very small and slow-growing at first, but then grow rapidly. Prick them out into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and plant them out during the summer.
Division of runners, preferably done in mid summer in order to allow the plants to become established for the following years crop[
]. They can also be moved in the following spring if required, though should not then be allowed to fruit in their first year. The runners can be planted out direct into their permanent positions.