Fragaria australis (Rydb.) Rydb.
Fragaria canadensis Michx.
Fragaria elatior Eaton
Fragaria firma Rydb.
Fragaria glauca (S.Watson) Rydb.
Fragaria grayana E.Vilm. ex J.Gay
Fragaria iowensis Prince
Fragaria michauxiana House
Fragaria multicipita Fernald
Fragaria odora Salisb.
Fragaria ovalis (Lehm.) Rydb.
Fragaria pauciflora Rydb.
Fragaria platypetala Rydb.
Fragaria prolifica Baker & Rydb. ex Rydb.
Fragaria pumila Rydb.
Fragaria serotina Raf.
Fragaria sibbaldifolia Rydb.
Fragaria suksdorfii Rydb.
Fragaria terraenovae Rydb.
Fragaria truncata Rydb.
Fragaria umbelliformis F.W.Schultz
Fragaria virginiana Duchesne
Fragaria yukonensis Rydb.
Potentilla ovalis Lehm.
Potentilla virginiana (Mill.) E.H.L.Krause
Common Name: Scarlet Strawberry
Fragaria virginiana is a herbaceous perennial plant producing a rosette of leaves from a central rootstock. The plant can be up to 30cm tall and wide, spreading by means of stolons to form large colonies.
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and a medicine. It is occasionally cultivated on a garden scale as a food crop.
N. America - Alaska to Newfoundland, south to California, Texas and Florida.
Moist to dry sites, open forests, forest edges, hedges, fields, meadows, prairies, savannahs, roadsides, railroad embankments, abandoned fields , often ruderal; at elevations up to 3,700 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
Prefers a fertile, well-drained, moisture retentive soil in a sunny position[
]. Tolerates semi-shade though fruit production will be reduced when plants grow in such a position.
During the growing season new plants are produced on runners - prostrate stems emerging from the leaf axils of mature plants. These runners are used as propagation material[
Plants usually produce hermaphrodite flowers, though some plants produce flowers of only one sex. In this case, both male and female forms would need to be grown if fruit and seed were required[
The plants appreciate a mulch of pine or spruce leaves[
Along with Fragaria chiloensis, this species is probably a parent of the cultivated strawberries[
The cultivar 'Little Scarlet' is a form of this species and this is still occasionally cultivated for its fruit in Britain[
Fruit - raw, cooked or made into preserves[
]. Sweet and succulent. Small but delicious[
]. The fruit is up to 20mm in diameter[
The dried leaves are a very pleasant tea substitute[
]. Rich in vitamin C[
The whole plant is antiseptic, astringent, emmenagogue, galactogogue and odontalgic[
]. It has been used to regulate the menstrual cycle[
A tea made from the leaves has been used as a nerve tonic and is slightly astringent[
A poultice made from the dried powdered leaves mixed with oil has been used to treat open sores[
A tea made from the roots is diuretic[
]. It has been used in the treatment of diarrhoea, irregular menses, gonorrhoea, stomach and lung ailments[
The fruits are used as a tooth cleaner[
]. They are held in the mouth, or rubbed over the teeth, to remove tartar[
Seed - sow early spring in a greenhouse. The seed can take 4 weeks or more to germinate. The seedlings are very small and slow-growing at first, but then grow rapidly. Prick them out into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and plant them out during the summer.
Division of runners, preferably done in mid summer in order to allow the plants to become established for the following years crop[
]. They can also be moved in the following spring if required, though should not then be allowed to fruit in their first year. The runners can be planted out direct into their permanent positions.