Fragaria yakusimensis Masam.
Fragaria nipponica is a herbaceous perennial plant producing a rosette of leaves from a central rootstock; it can grow up to 30cm tall and wide, spreading by means of stolons to form a colony
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food.
E. Asia - Russian Far East, central and southern Japan, Korea
Prefers a fertile, well-drained, moisture retentive soil in a sunny position[
]. Tolerates semi-shade though fruit production will be reduced[
During the growing season new plants are produced on stolons - prostrate stems emerging from the leaf axils of mature plants. These runners are used as propagation material[
Likes a mulch of pine or spruce leaves[
Fruit - raw[
]. The ovoid to globose fruit is around 10mm wide[
Seed - sow early spring in a greenhouse. The seed can take 4 weeks or more to germinate. The seedlings are very small and slow-growing at first, but then grow rapidly. Prick them out into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and plant them out during the summer.
Division of runners, preferably done in mid summer in order to allow the plants to become established for the following years crop[
]. They can also be moved in the following spring if required, though should not then be allowed to fruit in their first year. The runners can be planted out direct into their permanent positions.