The Temperate Database is in the process of being updated, with new records being added and old ones being checked and brought up to date where necessary. This record has not yet been checked and updated.
Common Name: Golden Bells
Forsythia viridissima is a deciduous shrub that can grow up to 2.50 metres tall.
It is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine..
Leaves contain the glycoside Phillyrin[
], its potency is unknown.
E. Asia - China.
Ravines, margin of woods near river valleys and streamsides[
An easily grown plant, it succeeds in all soil types[
] but prefers a rich soil. Succeeds in limey soils. Grows well in heavy clay soils. It prefers a sunny position but succeeds in semi shade though it is apt to get leggy if grown in the shade of trees[
]. Succeeds against a north-facing wall[
Plants are hardy to about -25°c[
]. Plants are medium to fast growing[
Flowers are produced on wood that is more than one year old[
]. Any pruning is best done immediately after the plant has finished flowering[
There are some named varieties, selected for their ornamental value[
This species is notably susceptible to honey fungus[
The fruit is antibacterial, antifungal, antispasmdic and emmenagogue[
]. It is used in Korea to treat carbuncles, mastitis, inflammation, suppuration, lymphadenitis and suppressed menstruation[
Seed - sow spring in a cold frame. The seed usually germinates within 2 months[
]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood 10 - 15cm taken at a node, mid summer in a frame. Plant out in autumn or spring. A very high percentage, they root within 3 weeks[
Cuttings of mature wood in a sheltered outdoor bed. Good percentage[
Layering in spring or summer. Plants often self-layer[