Arnica tussilaginea Burm.f.
Farfugium giganteum Dammann
Farfugium grande Lindl.
Farfugium kaempferi Benth.
Farfugium luchuense (Masam.) Kitam.
Farfugium tussilagineum (Burm.) Kitam.
Ligularia farfugium K.Koch
Ligularia formosana (Hayata) Masam.
Ligularia kaempferi Siebold & Zucc.
Ligularia luchuensis (Masam.) Masam.
Ligularia nokozanensis Yamam.
Ligularia tussilaginea Makino
Senecio farfugium K.Koch
Senecio kaempferi DC.
Senecio sieboldii Sch.Bip.
Senecio tussilaginea Kuntze
Tussilago japonica L.
Common Name: Leopard Plant
Farfugium japonicum is an evergreen, clump-forming perennial plant growing from a rhizomatous rootstock; it can grow around 70cm tall[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine. It is often grown as an ornamental, there are many named varieties, some with variegated foliage[
E. Asia - southeast China, Korea, central and southern Japan.
Rocky cliffs near sea shores[
]. In the long grass of streamside meadows[
]. Lower elevations in forests, on grassy slopes and valleys in China[
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
Farfugium japonicum is not a very cold-hardy plant, being able to tolerate short periods with temperatures falling to around -5 to -10°c[
Prefers a deep moist fertile humus-rich soil[
]. Succeeds in quite dense shade[
]. Requires a sheltered position[
]. Plants often wilt on bright sunny days if they are growing in a sunny position[
Plants grow well outdoors in a woodland garden setting in the milder areas of the temperate zone[
A good plant for growing in a window[
There is possibly some confusion, in the references quoted, between this species and Ligularia japonica[
Leaf stems - cooked[
]. The leaf stems are boiled in water to remove a bitter taste, the outer peel is removed and they are then added to salads, soups etc[
The leaves are antidote[
]. They are taken internally to treat fish poisoning and externally to treat lacquer poisoning (caused by Toxicodendron species)[
]. They are also applied to suppurating abscesses and pox[
Seed - sow spring in a cold frame. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
Division in spring.