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Useful Temperate Plants

Euchresta japonica

Regel

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Euchresta japonica Benth.

Euchresta japonica Oliv.

Euchresta trifoliolata Merr.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Euchresta japonica is an evergreen climbing shrub with stems that are nearly not branched; it can grow 30 - 80cm tall. The stems often produce adventitious roots[
58
Title
Flora of Japan. (English translation)
Publication
 
Author
Ohwi. G.
Publisher
Smithsonian Institution
Year
1965
ISBN
-
Description
The standard work. Brilliant, but not for the casual reader.
,
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine.

Known Hazards

We have no specific information for this species, but at least some species in the genus contain the toxic alkaloid cytisine. Its molecular structure has some similarity to that of nicotine and it has similar pharmacological effects. It is sometimes used as an aid to stopping smoking, and it is also sometimes used recreationally, where it can induce a nicotine-like intoxication. However, this practice is not recommended, since negative side effects can include nausea, vomiting, convulsions, heart pain, headache and, in larger doses, even death via respiratory failure.

Botanical References

58
Title
Flora of Japan. (English translation)
Publication
 
Author
Ohwi. G.
Publisher
Smithsonian Institution
Year
1965
ISBN
-
Description
The standard work. Brilliant, but not for the casual reader.
,
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

E. Asia - southern China (Guangdong,
Guangxi, Guizhou, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang) central and southern Japan, Korea.

Habitat

Woods in the mountains of central and southern Japan[
58
Title
Flora of Japan. (English translation)
Publication
 
Author
Ohwi. G.
Publisher
Smithsonian Institution
Year
1965
ISBN
-
Description
The standard work. Brilliant, but not for the casual reader.
]. Valleys, mountain slopes, dense forests; at elevations from 800 - 1,400 metres[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
]

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Shrub
Height0.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Euchresta japonica is a plant of the warm temperate and subtropical zones of China, Japan and Korea. Whilst it can tolerate some frost, it cannot survive heavy frosts or long winters.

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The stem juice is disinfectant[
218
Title
Medicinal Plants of China
Publication
 
Author
Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S.
Publisher
Reference Publications, Inc.
Year
1985
ISBN
0-917256-20-4
Description
Details of over 1,200 medicinal plants of China and brief details of their uses. Often includes an analysis, or at least a list of constituents. Heavy going if you are not into the subject.
].

A slice of the root is held in the mouth and its juice swallowed as a treatment for swollen throat[
218
Title
Medicinal Plants of China
Publication
 
Author
Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S.
Publisher
Reference Publications, Inc.
Year
1985
ISBN
0-917256-20-4
Description
Details of over 1,200 medicinal plants of China and brief details of their uses. Often includes an analysis, or at least a list of constituents. Heavy going if you are not into the subject.
].

The plant (part not specified) lowers fevers and detoxifies[
147
Title
A Barefoot Doctors Manual.
Publication
 
Author
?
Publisher
Running Press; Philadelphica.
Year
1977
ISBN
0-914294-92-X
Description
A very readable herbal from China, combining some modern methods with traditional chinese methods.
]. It is used in the treatment of sore throats, toothaches, tooth abscesses, haemorrhoids, boils and abscesses[
147
Title
A Barefoot Doctors Manual.
Publication
 
Author
?
Publisher
Running Press; Philadelphica.
Year
1977
ISBN
0-914294-92-X
Description
A very readable herbal from China, combining some modern methods with traditional chinese methods.
].
The plant (part not specified) is used in the treatment of asthma, bronchitis, cancer, caries, congestion, fever, haemorrhoids, inflammation, jaundice, sore throats, tonsillitis, toothaches, wounds and ulcers[
218
Title
Medicinal Plants of China
Publication
 
Author
Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S.
Publisher
Reference Publications, Inc.
Year
1985
ISBN
0-917256-20-4
Description
Details of over 1,200 medicinal plants of China and brief details of their uses. Often includes an analysis, or at least a list of constituents. Heavy going if you are not into the subject.
].

Although the seeds contain the toxic alkaloid cytisine, they are considered to be aphrodisiac and tonic, and are used for various medicinal purposes including the treatment of chest diseases.

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2019-05-19. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Euchresta+japonica>

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