If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating.
Useful Temperate Plants

Eremophila longifolia

(R.Br.) F.Muell.

Scrophulariaceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name: Berrigan Emubush

No Image.

General Information

Eremophila longifolia is an evergreen shrub or small tree with a rounded crown; it can grow up to 8 metres tall. The plant suckers at the roots and can form thickets[
365
Title
Flora of New South Wales
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/floraonline.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line resource giving a brief botanical description of all the native plants of New South Wales, their habitat and range, together with diagrams and photographs of the plants.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of wood. Because of its attractive weeping habit, prolific showy flowers and general hardiness especially to drought, this plant would be ideal as a street tree, in landscaping, or in dense stands to make attractive screens or windbreaks[
343
Title
Growing Native Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/gnp/
Publisher
Australian National Botanic Gardens
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of articles giving details of cultivation and matters of general interest (including a few plant uses) on over 250 Australian plants.
].

Known Hazards

The plant is toxic[
152
Title
Australian Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
Lassak. E. V. and McCarthy. T.
Publisher
New Holland Publishers
Year
2001
ISBN
1876334703
Description
A very good and readable guide to the subject.
].

Botanical References

152
Title
Australian Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
Lassak. E. V. and McCarthy. T.
Publisher
New Holland Publishers
Year
2001
ISBN
1876334703
Description
A very good and readable guide to the subject.
,
365
Title
Flora of New South Wales
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/floraonline.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line resource giving a brief botanical description of all the native plants of New South Wales, their habitat and range, together with diagrams and photographs of the plants.

Range

Australia - widespread, being found in all mainland areas except the extreme north.

Habitat

Found in a variety of communities on most soil types[
365
Title
Flora of New South Wales
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/floraonline.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line resource giving a brief botanical description of all the native plants of New South Wales, their habitat and range, together with diagrams and photographs of the plants.
]. Often found on limestone, usually in inland areas[
152
Title
Australian Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
Lassak. E. V. and McCarthy. T.
Publisher
New Holland Publishers
Year
2001
ISBN
1876334703
Description
A very good and readable guide to the subject.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *
HabitEvergreen Shrub
Height6.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Eremophila longifolia is a plant of arid and semi-arid regions in Australia, being found from the warm temperate zone to the tropics. Plants are not very cold-tolerant but are said to be able to withstand short periods where temperatures fall to around -7°c[
157
Title
Australian Native Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Wrigley. J. W. and Fagg. M.
Publisher
Collins. (Australia)
Year
1988
ISBN
0-7322-0021-0
Description
A lovely book, written in order to encourage Australian gardeners to grow their native plants. A little bit of information for the plant project.
]. It is suited to dry climates but has been successfully cultivated in warm, temperate areas so long as there is not too much rain, which makes them susceptible to disease, root rot and frost damage[
343
Title
Growing Native Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/gnp/
Publisher
Australian National Botanic Gardens
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of articles giving details of cultivation and matters of general interest (including a few plant uses) on over 250 Australian plants.
].
A very hardy plant that requires minimal care. It prefers an open sunny position with no shade, and requires a well-drained soil. It does not like heavy clay soils. Established plants are extremely drought tolerant and once established, no watering is required[
343
Title
Growing Native Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/gnp/
Publisher
Australian National Botanic Gardens
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of articles giving details of cultivation and matters of general interest (including a few plant uses) on over 250 Australian plants.
];
The plant can flower all year round, though mainly in spring and early summer. Fruit only develops if there has been sufficient rain[[
343
Title
Growing Native Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/gnp/
Publisher
Australian National Botanic Gardens
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of articles giving details of cultivation and matters of general interest (including a few plant uses) on over 250 Australian plants.
].
The plant responds well even to heavy pruning, resprouting rapidly in the growing season[
343
Title
Growing Native Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/gnp/
Publisher
Australian National Botanic Gardens
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of articles giving details of cultivation and matters of general interest (including a few plant uses) on over 250 Australian plants.
].

Edible Uses

Fruit is globular with a diameter around 1 cm, fleshy and black-purple when ripe. Seed is a single hard four-celled stone[
343
Title
Growing Native Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/gnp/
Publisher
Australian National Botanic Gardens
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of articles giving details of cultivation and matters of general interest (including a few plant uses) on over 250 Australian plants.
].

Medicinal

Indigenous people considered E. longifolia to be the most sacred and mystical plant species found in central Australia. It has many ceremonial and medicinal uses[
343
Title
Growing Native Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/gnp/
Publisher
Australian National Botanic Gardens
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of articles giving details of cultivation and matters of general interest (including a few plant uses) on over 250 Australian plants.
].
Treats sores and colds[
152
Title
Australian Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
Lassak. E. V. and McCarthy. T.
Publisher
New Holland Publishers
Year
2001
ISBN
1876334703
Description
A very good and readable guide to the subject.
].

A decoction or liniment of the crushed leaves has been applied on the skin to treat scabies, sores, cuts and boils. The decoction has also been used for treating general pain and illness, including colds and fever, and has also been used as an eye wash[
1462
Title
An Ethnopharmacological Study of Medicinal Plants of the Kamilaroi and Muruwari Aboriginal Communities in Northern N
Publication
A Thesis submitted at Macquarie University
Author
Qian Liu
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
In particular it looks at Ethnopharacological information on the genera Eremurus and Exocarpus. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
Infusions of the fresh leaves have been used for treating headaches and insomnia[
1462
Title
An Ethnopharmacological Study of Medicinal Plants of the Kamilaroi and Muruwari Aboriginal Communities in Northern N
Publication
A Thesis submitted at Macquarie University
Author
Qian Liu
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
In particular it looks at Ethnopharacological information on the genera Eremurus and Exocarpus. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]

Eremophila longifolia is an important medicine to women. Steam from the burnt leaves has been used after childbirth to 'smoke' mothers and their newborn babies to stop the mother’s bleeding and to strengthen the babies[
1462
Title
An Ethnopharmacological Study of Medicinal Plants of the Kamilaroi and Muruwari Aboriginal Communities in Northern N
Publication
A Thesis submitted at Macquarie University
Author
Qian Liu
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
In particular it looks at Ethnopharacological information on the genera Eremurus and Exocarpus. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

The major components of the essential oil of the leaves have been found to be alpha-pinene, beta-pinene and limonene[
1462
Title
An Ethnopharmacological Study of Medicinal Plants of the Kamilaroi and Muruwari Aboriginal Communities in Northern N
Publication
A Thesis submitted at Macquarie University
Author
Qian Liu
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
In particular it looks at Ethnopharacological information on the genera Eremurus and Exocarpus. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
Geniposidic acid, isolated from a methanol extract of the leaves, has been reported to demonstrate significant cardioactive effects[
1462
Title
An Ethnopharmacological Study of Medicinal Plants of the Kamilaroi and Muruwari Aboriginal Communities in Northern N
Publication
A Thesis submitted at Macquarie University
Author
Qian Liu
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
In particular it looks at Ethnopharacological information on the genera Eremurus and Exocarpus. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Other Uses

Wood - hard, close-grained, durable, brittle, hard to work. It is used for veneer, inlay work and cabinet making[
154
Title
Flora of Victoria.
Publication
 
Author
Ewart. A. J.
Publisher
University Press; Melbourne
Year
1930
ISBN
 
Description
A flora of eastern Australia, it is rather short on information that is useful to the plant project.
].

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse. The seed can be difficult to germinate - exposing them to smoke prior to sowing can help, as can mechanically abrading some of the outer seedcoat to allow moisture to penetrate[
343
Title
Growing Native Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/gnp/
Publisher
Australian National Botanic Gardens
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of articles giving details of cultivation and matters of general interest (including a few plant uses) on over 250 Australian plants.
]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Consider giving the plants some protection from the cold for their first few winters outdoors.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 5 - 10cm with a heel, mid summer in a frame. Pot up in the autumn. There are variable results, the cuttings often proving difficult to strike[
343
Title
Growing Native Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/gnp/
Publisher
Australian National Botanic Gardens
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of articles giving details of cultivation and matters of general interest (including a few plant uses) on over 250 Australian plants.
].
Division of root suckers is the most effective method of increasing plants - dig them up from around the main plant and treat them in the same way as cuttings until they are rooting freely[
343
Title
Growing Native Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/gnp/
Publisher
Australian National Botanic Gardens
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of articles giving details of cultivation and matters of general interest (including a few plant uses) on over 250 Australian plants.
].
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2018-12-15. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Eremophila+longifolia>

Add a Comment:

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.