The Temperate Database is in the process of being updated, with new records being added and old ones being checked and brought up to date where necessary. This record has not yet been checked and updated.
Common Name: Brittle Bush
Encelia farinosa is a deciduous shrub that can grow up to 0.75 metres tall.
It has edible, medicinal and miscellaneous uses.
South-western N. America - California to Utah and Arizona.
Dry stony slopes to 1000 metres[
]. Coastal scrub, stony desert hillsides from sea level to1000 metres[
Requires a very warm sunny position in a deep very well-drained soil[
]. Plants strongly resent wet conditions, especially in the winter[
This species is not hardy in the colder areas of the country, it tolerates temperatures down to between -5 and -10°c[
]. Another report says that the plants will tolerate temperatures down to -12°c if they are in quite dry conditions[
]. The young growth in spring, even on mature plants, is frost-tender and so it is best to grow the plants in a position sheltered from the early morning sun[
Plants have a taproot and resent root disturbance[
]. They should be planted out into their permanent positions whilst still small, though they will then need protection from the cold for their first winter or so[
A gum that exudes from the ends of mature stems is used for chewing[
]. It is aromatic[
A decoction of the blossoms, leaves and stems has been held in the mouth to alleviate a toothache[
]. A poultice of the plant has been used to alleviate pain[
A resin that exudes from the ends of mature stems is used as a glue and as an incense in the home and in church[
]. It has also been used to waterproof containers and has been melted then used as a varnish[
The resinous branches have been used to make a quick fire[
Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse. Only just cover the seed and pot up the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle[
]. Grow on in a greenhouse for at least their first winter, making sure the pots are deep enough to accommodate the tap root, and plant out in early summer.
Cuttings, in pure sand, in a frame[
]. The report does not specify the type of cutting.