The Temperate Database is in the process of being updated, with new records being added and old ones being checked and brought up to date where necessary. This record has not yet been checked and updated.
Common Name: Canadian Wild Rye
Elymus canadensis is a Perennial up to 0.75 metres tall.
It has edible and miscellaneous uses.
N. America - in most areas except the far south. Recorded, but not yet naturalized in N. Europe[
Dry sandy gravelly or rocky soil[
]. Thickets and open woods in limestone and sandy clay soils in Texas[
An easily grown plant, it succeeds in most soils, preferring a sandy soil and a sunny position[
Plants can flower too late to ripen their seed in Britain, especially in the western half of the country[
A polymorphic species[
Seed - cooked[
]. It can be ground into a flour and used to make bread. Quite fiddly to use, the seed is small and difficult to separate[
]. The seed was an important item of food for the Paiute Indians of south-western N. America[
The plant has an extensive root system and can be used for binding sand dunes[
Seed - sow mid spring in situ and only just cover the seed[
]. Germination should take place within 2 weeks.
If the supply of seed is limited, it can also be sown in mid spring in a cold frame. Only just cover the seed. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in summer[
Division in spring or summer[
]. Very easy, larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.