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Useful Temperate Plants

Elsholtzia splendens

Nakai ex F.Maek.

Lamiaceae

+ Synonyms

Elsholtzia byeonsanensis M.Kim

Elsholtzia haichowensis Y.Z.Sun

Elsholtzia lungtangensis Y.Z.Sun

Common Name: Shiny Elsholtzia

No Image.

General Information

Elsholtzia splendens is an erect, herbaceous perennial plant with stems that are much branched above the base; it can grow 30 - 50cm tall.
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine. It is used as an ingredient in commercial cosmetic products and can be grown on soils contaminated with heavy metals to help restore fertility and reduce pollution.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

E. Asia - eastern China, Korea.

Habitat

Grassy areas in mountains in Korea[
279
Title
Medicinal Plants in the Republic of Korea
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
World Health Organisation, Manila
Year
1998
ISBN
92 9061 120 0
Description
An excellent book with terse details about the medicinal uses of the plants with references to scientific trials. All plants are described, illustrated and brief details of habitats given.
]. Hills and grassy areas; at elevations up to 300 metres in China[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitPerennial
Height0.40 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


An easily grown plant, it succeeds in most soils.

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The whole plant contains an essential oil, monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes[
279
Title
Medicinal Plants in the Republic of Korea
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
World Health Organisation, Manila
Year
1998
ISBN
92 9061 120 0
Description
An excellent book with terse details about the medicinal uses of the plants with references to scientific trials. All plants are described, illustrated and brief details of habitats given.
]. It is used in Korea in the treatment of headaches, fevers, diarrhoea and oedema[
279
Title
Medicinal Plants in the Republic of Korea
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
World Health Organisation, Manila
Year
1998
ISBN
92 9061 120 0
Description
An excellent book with terse details about the medicinal uses of the plants with references to scientific trials. All plants are described, illustrated and brief details of habitats given.
].
The plant is analgesic, antibacterial, antiinflammatory, antispasmodic, antiviral, carminative, diaphoretic, diuretic, febrifuge,sedative and sudorific. It stimulates the secretion of the gastric glands and peristalsis[
176
Title
Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas.
Publication
 
Author
Yeung. Him-Che.
Publisher
Institute of Chinese Medicine, Los Angeles
Year
1985
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent Chinese herbal giving information on over 500 species. Rather technical and probably best suited to the more accomplished user of herbs.
]. It is used in the treatment of colds, nausea, dropsy, stomach ache and typhoid[
176
Title
Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas.
Publication
 
Author
Yeung. Him-Che.
Publisher
Institute of Chinese Medicine, Los Angeles
Year
1985
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent Chinese herbal giving information on over 500 species. Rather technical and probably best suited to the more accomplished user of herbs.
,
218
Title
Medicinal Plants of China
Publication
 
Author
Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S.
Publisher
Reference Publications, Inc.
Year
1985
ISBN
0-917256-20-4
Description
Details of over 1,200 medicinal plants of China and brief details of their uses. Often includes an analysis, or at least a list of constituents. Heavy going if you are not into the subject.
,
1757
Title
Elsholtzia: review of traditional uses, chemistry and pharmacology
Publication
Journal of Chinese Pharmaceutical Sciences 2007 (16) 73-78
Author
Ai-Lin Liu, Simon M.Y. Lee, Yi-Tao Wang and Guan-Hua Du
Publisher
 
Year
2007
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Agroforestry Uses:

Elsholtzia splendens is a highly copper-tolerant plant. It is also a pioneer species, and is often dominant at the early stage of secondary succession on copper mine spoils in China. The plant also concentrates the metal in its above-ground portions and so is a hyperaccumulator. It has potential for use in reclamation projects to restore the fertility of polluted sites, act as a nurse-species to help other species become established, whilst also helping to remove the pollutants[
1764
Title
Copper tolerant Elsholtzia splendens facilitates Commelina communis on a copper mine spoil
Publication
Plant and Soil ยท August 2015
Author
Yang R. et al
Website
http://10.1007/s11104-015-2616-0
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Other Uses

Extracts of both the flowers and the whole plant are used as ingredients in commercial cosmetic preparations as a skin conditioner[
1243
Title
CosIng
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ec.europa.eu/growth/tools-databases/cosing/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
CosIng is the European Commission database for information on cosmetic substances and ingredients.
].

Propagation

Seed - sow late spring in situ[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2022-08-11. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Elsholtzia+splendens>

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