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Eleutherococcus trifoliatus is a Deciduous Shrub up to 6.00 metres tall.
It has edible and medicinal uses.
E. Asia - Himalayas.
]. Mountainous areas in Vietnam, occasionally on the edges of forests[
Prefers a light warm open loamy humus-rich soil and a position sheltered from north and east winds.[
] Prefers a well-drained soil and full sun[
]. Tolerates urban pollution and poor soils[
All parts of the plant are particularly fragrant[
Plants are hardy to between -10 and -15°c if they are sheltered from cold winds[
Young leaves - cooked[
The root bark and stem bark contain triterpenoid saponinsand oleanolic acid[
].They are used in the treatment of rheumatism, lumbago, ostealgia and impotence[
]. The bark is also considered to be a stimulant and tonic for the central nervous system and to improve the memory[
]. The bark is collected in the summer and autumn, wrapped to bring out the aroma and then thoroughly dried[
The plant is used in the treatment of colds, coughs, neuralgia, rheumatism and water on the knee[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn in a cold frame[
]. It can be slow to germinate. Stored seed requires 6 months warm followed by 3 months cold stratification[
] and can be very slow to germinate[
]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in light shade in a cold frame or greenhouse for at least the first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood, mid summer in a frame[
Cuttings of ripe wood of the current season's growth, 15 - 30cm long in a cold frame[
Root cuttings in late winter[
Division of suckers in the dormant season[