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Useful Temperate Plants

Eleocharis palustris

(L.) Roem. & Schult.

Cyperaceae

+ Synonyms

Bulbostylis palustris (L.) Steven

Chlorocharis palustris (L.) Rikli

Clavula palustris (L.) Dumort.

Cyperus paluster Missbach & E.H.L.Krause

Cyperus palustris (L.) Sessé & Moc.

Eleocharis appendiculata Phil.

Eleocharis boissieri Podp.

Eleocharis ecarinata Zinserl.

Eleocharis filiculmis Schur

Eleocharis glaucescens (Willd.) Schult.

Eleocharis globularis Zinserl.

Eleocharis gracilis Hayek

Eleocharis haematolepis Steud.

Eleocharis intersita acetosa Tang & F.T.Wang ex Y.L.Chang

Eleocharis kasakstanica Zinserl.

Eleocharis kitamurana T.Koyama

Eleocharis levinae Zoz

Eleocharis limosa Drège

Eleocharis lindbergii (Strandh.) Tzvelev

Eleocharis minima major Boeckeler

Eleocharis minima mexicensis H.Pfeiff.

Eleocharis nebrodensis Parl.

Eleocharis oxystachys Sakalo

Eleocharis palustromicrocarpa Á.Löve

Eleocharis quaesita Kitag.

Eleocharis smallii Britton

Eleocharis smallii major (Sond.) F.Seym.

Eleocharis striata Hochst. ex Engl.

Eleocharis vulgaris Á.Löve & D.Löve

Limnochloa capensis Nees

Megadenus palustris (L.) Raf.

Schoenus palustris (L.) Bernh.

Scirpus acicularis Oeder

Scirpus appendiculatus (Phil.) Kuntze

Scirpus baeothryon Schrad.

Scirpus bailii Kohts

Scirpus caespitosus Willd. ex Kunth

Scirpus campestris Willd. ex Kunth

Scirpus conicus C.Presl ex Mert. & W.D.J.Koch

Scirpus glaucescens Willd.

Scirpus intermedius Thuill.

Scirpus ovatus Gilib.

Scirpus palustris L.

Scirpus palustromicrocarpus (Á.Löve) Á.Löve

Scirpus reptans Thuill.

Scirpus tenuis Schreb. ex Schweigg. & Körte

Scirpus varius Schreb. ex Schweigg. & Körte

Trichophyllum palustre (L.) House

Common Name: Common Spike-Rush

No Image.

General Information

Eleocharis palustris is a herbaceous perennial plant producing small clusters of stems up to 30cm tall from stout, creeping rhizomes[
1882
Title
Major Indicator Shrubs and Herbs in Riparian Zones on National Forests of Central Oregon.
Publication
 
Author
Kovalchik B.L.; Hopkins W.E. & Brunsfeld S.J.
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; Pacific Northwest Region
Year
1988
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. When growing in water, the stems can elongate up to 120cm tall if necessary in order to keep their heads out of the water[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
]. The plant spreads rapidly by means of its rhizomes and can form large colonies[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and source of materials.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

17
Title
Flora of the British Isles.
Publication
 
Author
Clapham, Tutin and Warburg.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Year
1962
ISBN
-
Description
A very comprehensive flora, the standard reference book but it has no pictures.
,
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.

Range

An almost cosmopolitan plant in the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere

Habitat

Marshes, ditches and the margins of ponds[
17
Title
Flora of the British Isles.
Publication
 
Author
Clapham, Tutin and Warburg.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Year
1962
ISBN
-
Description
A very comprehensive flora, the standard reference book but it has no pictures.
]. Wet meadows, irrigation ditches, springs, seepage areas, freshwater marshes, rivers, and along lakeshores[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitPerennial
Height0.60 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


A wetland obligate plant, it grows in sunny positions on fine texture soils in neutral to alkaline or saline conditions. It
can grow in areas that are flooded in the spring and saturated in the fall, and also in flooded conditions where the water can be up to one meter deep for most of the growing season[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
]. Prefers slightly alkaline conditions with a pH around 7 - 8,[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].
A very variable species, it is divided into a number of sub-species by some botanists[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
].
The plant can fix atmospheric nitrogen and make it available to other plants in the wetland community[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].

Edible Uses

Sap eaten[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
]. No more information is given.

Medicinal

None known

Agroforestry Uses:

The dense root mass of this plant makes it an excellent choice for soil stabilization in riparian and wetland sites[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].
The rhizomes form a matrix for many beneficial bacteria, making this plant an excellent choice for wastewater treatment[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].
A pioneering species, it populates mud flats very quickly as the water draws down and acts to stabilize them[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].

Other Uses

The plant has been used as bedding, for stuffing pillows and to make mats and pads for sitting on[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
,
1882
Title
Major Indicator Shrubs and Herbs in Riparian Zones on National Forests of Central Oregon.
Publication
 
Author
Kovalchik B.L.; Hopkins W.E. & Brunsfeld S.J.
Publisher
USDA Forest Service; Pacific Northwest Region
Year
1988
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. It used to be especially valued in the Netherlands for making beautiful matting[
454
Title
Useful Fiber Plants of the World
Publication
 
Author
Dodge C.R.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
USDA; Washington.
Year
1897
ISBN
 
Description
A rather dated, but very comprehensive catalogue of fibre plants from around the world. The book can be downloaded from the Internet.
]..

Propagation

Seed - surface sow in the spring in pots standing in shallow water. The germination rate may be enhanced by lightly scarifying and then stratifying the seed in a mixture of water and sphagnum moss at 2°c for 30 - 45 days[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
]. Germination should begin within about one to two weeks at 32 - 38°c[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the summer.
Division in spring.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2022-08-11. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Eleocharis+palustris>

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