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Useful Temperate Plants

Echinops echinatus

Roxb.

Asteraceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name: Indian Globe Thistle

No Image.

General Information

Echinops echinatus is an erect, spiny, annual plant with branches spreading widely from the base; growing from a taproot, it can reach 30 - 100cm tall[
506
Title
Flora of British India.
Publication
 
Author
Hooker J.D.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
L.Reeve & Co.; London
Year
1872 - 1875
ISBN
 
Description
Rather dated, but has some information on plant uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
615
Title
Pharmacographia Indica
Publication
 
Author
Dymock W.; Warden C.J.H.; Hooper D.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Education Society's Press, Byculla; Mombai.
Year
1890
ISBN
 
Description
Information on the principal plant medicines encountered in India in the 19th century.
].
The plant is commonly harvested from the wild for use as a medicinal herb in India. It is sold in local markets.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

506
Title
Flora of British India.
Publication
 
Author
Hooker J.D.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
L.Reeve & Co.; London
Year
1872 - 1875
ISBN
 
Description
Rather dated, but has some information on plant uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.

Range

Asia - Afghanistan, Pakistan, northern India, Myanmar

Habitat

Not known

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *  *
HabitAnnual
Height0.50 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Requires a sunny position in a well-drained soil of low to medium fertility[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Most species in this genus thrive in hot, dry soils[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The plant is alterative, analgesic, antifungal, antiinflammatory, contraceptive, diuretic, febrifuge, hepatic, nervine, ophthalmic and stomachic[
240
Title
Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement).
Publication
 
Author
Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C.
Publisher
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi.
Year
1986
ISBN
-
Description
Very terse details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of research into the plants chemistry. Not for the casual reader.
,
1203
Title
Ethnopharmacological and Phytochemical constituents review of Echinops exhinatus Roxb.
Publication
J App Pharm Vol. 7; Issue 1: 69-74; January, 2015
Author
Qudsia Bano, Muqeet Wahid, Muhammad Irfan, VeshChaurasiya, I
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. It is used in the treatment of hoarse coughs, hysteria, dyspepsia, scrofula and various eye problems[
240
Title
Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement).
Publication
 
Author
Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C.
Publisher
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi.
Year
1986
ISBN
-
Description
Very terse details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of research into the plants chemistry. Not for the casual reader.
]. It is also used to treat brain disease, chronic fever, pains in the joints, inflammations[
1203
Title
Ethnopharmacological and Phytochemical constituents review of Echinops exhinatus Roxb.
Publication
J App Pharm Vol. 7; Issue 1: 69-74; January, 2015
Author
Qudsia Bano, Muqeet Wahid, Muhammad Irfan, VeshChaurasiya, I
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

The root is abortifacient, aphrodisiac[
1203
Title
Ethnopharmacological and Phytochemical constituents review of Echinops exhinatus Roxb.
Publication
J App Pharm Vol. 7; Issue 1: 69-74; January, 2015
Author
Qudsia Bano, Muqeet Wahid, Muhammad Irfan, VeshChaurasiya, I
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
 
Description
 
]
The powdered roots are applied to wounds in order to destroy maggots and, combined with the gum from Acacia trees, is applied to the hair to destroy lice[
240
Title
Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement).
Publication
 
Author
Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C.
Publisher
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi.
Year
1986
ISBN
-
Description
Very terse details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of research into the plants chemistry. Not for the casual reader.
].

The dried and powdered root bark is mixed with milk (100g/250ml) and used as a treatment for diabetes[
1203
Title
Ethnopharmacological and Phytochemical constituents review of Echinops exhinatus Roxb.
Publication
J App Pharm Vol. 7; Issue 1: 69-74; January, 2015
Author
Qudsia Bano, Muqeet Wahid, Muhammad Irfan, VeshChaurasiya, I
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
Mixed with water to make a paste, the root bark powder is applied to the male genitals one hour before intercourse in order to treat poor sexual vitality[
1203
Title
Ethnopharmacological and Phytochemical constituents review of Echinops exhinatus Roxb.
Publication
J App Pharm Vol. 7; Issue 1: 69-74; January, 2015
Author
Qudsia Bano, Muqeet Wahid, Muhammad Irfan, VeshChaurasiya, I
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

The fumes obtained from burning the leaves and roots is inhaled as a treatment of respiratory disorders, especially asthma, in order to obtain rapid and long-lasting relief[
1203
Title
Ethnopharmacological and Phytochemical constituents review of Echinops exhinatus Roxb.
Publication
J App Pharm Vol. 7; Issue 1: 69-74; January, 2015
Author
Qudsia Bano, Muqeet Wahid, Muhammad Irfan, VeshChaurasiya, I
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

The seeds are sweet and aphrodisiac[
1203
Title
Ethnopharmacological and Phytochemical constituents review of Echinops exhinatus Roxb.
Publication
J App Pharm Vol. 7; Issue 1: 69-74; January, 2015
Author
Qudsia Bano, Muqeet Wahid, Muhammad Irfan, VeshChaurasiya, I
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

The plant is known to contain various medicinally active compounds including the polyphenol apigenin; flavanone glycosides with known antiinflammatory activities; and various alkaloids[
1203
Title
Ethnopharmacological and Phytochemical constituents review of Echinops exhinatus Roxb.
Publication
J App Pharm Vol. 7; Issue 1: 69-74; January, 2015
Author
Qudsia Bano, Muqeet Wahid, Muhammad Irfan, VeshChaurasiya, I
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - sow in situ in spring.

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