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Useful Temperate Plants

Dichanthelium clandestinum

(L.) Gould

Poaceae


This name is not universally accepted. Whilst it is in common use in N. America, the Kew on-line database 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families' chooses to use Panicum clandestinum L., as the correct name[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

+ Synonyms

Chasea clandestina (L.) Nieuwl.

Milium clandestinum (L.) Moench

Panicum clandestinum L.

Panicum decoloratum Nash

Panicum latifolium clandestinum (L.) Pursh

Panicum pedunculatum Torr.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Dichanthelium clandestinum is a clump-forming, perennial plant producing a tuft of one to a few culms from a rootstock with short, strong rhizomes, it can grow 30 - 100cm tall[
43
Title
Gray's Manual of Botany.Eighth Edition
Publication
 
Author
Fernald. M. L.
Publisher
American Book Co.; New York
Year
1950
ISBN
0442222505
Description
A bit dated but a good and concise flora of the eastern part of N. America.
,
236
Title
Manual of the Grasses of the United States
Publication
 
Author
Hitchcock. A. S.
Publisher
Dover Publications. New York.
Year
1971
ISBN
0-486-22717-0
Description
A nice and comprehensive flora, though a bit dated. Good line drawings of each plant, plus a brief idea of the habitat and a few notes on plant uses. Not for the casual reader.
,
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].
The plant is very tolerant of poor, acid soils and so is often used in soil reclamation projects in sites such as coal and other mine waste[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

43
Title
Gray's Manual of Botany.Eighth Edition
Publication
 
Author
Fernald. M. L.
Publisher
American Book Co.; New York
Year
1950
ISBN
0442222505
Description
A bit dated but a good and concise flora of the eastern part of N. America.
,
236
Title
Manual of the Grasses of the United States
Publication
 
Author
Hitchcock. A. S.
Publisher
Dover Publications. New York.
Year
1971
ISBN
0-486-22717-0
Description
A nice and comprehensive flora, though a bit dated. Good line drawings of each plant, plus a brief idea of the habitat and a few notes on plant uses. Not for the casual reader.

Range

Central and eastern N. America - Ontario, Quebec and Nova Scotia, south to Texas and Florida

Habitat

Moist or dry thickets, shores, borders of alluvial woods[
43
Title
Gray's Manual of Botany.Eighth Edition
Publication
 
Author
Fernald. M. L.
Publisher
American Book Co.; New York
Year
1950
ISBN
0442222505
Description
A bit dated but a good and concise flora of the eastern part of N. America.
]. Moist, mostly sandy ground[
236
Title
Manual of the Grasses of the United States
Publication
 
Author
Hitchcock. A. S.
Publisher
Dover Publications. New York.
Year
1971
ISBN
0-486-22717-0
Description
A nice and comprehensive flora, though a bit dated. Good line drawings of each plant, plus a brief idea of the habitat and a few notes on plant uses. Not for the casual reader.
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *  *  *
HabitPerennial
Height0.50 m
Growth RateSlow
PollinatorsWind
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details


Requires a sunny position, growing best in a moist, well0drained, sandy soil of moderate fertility. Tolerant of dry, sandy soils of low fertility. Plants can tolerate a pH as low as 3.8[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
]. Very tolerant of high levels of aluminium in the soil[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].
Two seed crops are produced annually: an early crop is produced from erect culms with on an open terminal panicle; in late summer to autumn a later crop is produced in a panicle enclosed in the swollen leaf sheath. The second crop, produced in the enclosed panicle, produces an abundance of seed[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].
At least one cultivar has been developed for land reclamation purposes[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
]. 'Tioga' has been specifically selected for conditions in northeastern USA[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].
Plants can be mown up to twice a year[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Agroforestry Uses:

The major use of this plant is for revegetating disturbed areas where site conditions limit the use of other species. It is tolerant of sites with: a pH as low as 3.8; a concentration of aluminum in the soil that limits growth of most other species; and light textured soils which are droughty and infertile. These tolerances allow the plant to excel when revegetating acid coal and other surface mine spoils, as well as sandy infertile disturbed areas[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - if sowing in situ, this should be carried out in early spring since any seed dormancy is easily overcome by natural stratification in the soil. If site conditions restrict early spring planting, it is advisable to sow seed in late autumn or early winter, while dormant[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
]. If only small quantities of seed are available, sow in a tray in a cold greenhouse, preferably in the winter. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when large enough to handle, but not before early spring. Plant out when 15cm or more tall[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
]. Seedlings can be slow to establish[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2018-08-16. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Dichanthelium+clandestinum>

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