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Useful Temperate Plants

Dalea aurea

Nutt. ex Pursh

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Cylipogon capitatum Raf.

Parosela aurea (Pursh) Britton

Petalostemon capitatum (Raf.) DC.

Psoralea aurea (Pursh) Poir.

Common Name: Golden Prairie Clover

No Image.

General Information

Dalea aurea is an erect, herbaceous perennial plant producing a cluster of usually unbranched stems 20 - 90cm tall[
235
Title
An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada
Publication
 
Author
Britton. N. L. Brown. A.
Publisher
Dover Publications. New York.
Year
1970
ISBN
0-486-22642-5
Description
Reprint of a 1913 Flora, but still a very useful book.
,
1359
Title
Daleae Imagines; An Illustrated Revision of ERRAZURIZIA Philippi, PSOROTHAMNUS Rydberg, MARINA Liebmann, and DALEA L
Publication
Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden Vol 27 pp 1 - 892, 1977
Author
Barneby R.C.
Publisher
The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York
Year
1977
ISBN
0-89327-001-6
Description
A very detailed treatment of the genera Errazurizia, Psorothamnus, Marina and Dalea
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine. It is sometimes grown as an ornamental[
1359
Title
Daleae Imagines; An Illustrated Revision of ERRAZURIZIA Philippi, PSOROTHAMNUS Rydberg, MARINA Liebmann, and DALEA L
Publication
Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden Vol 27 pp 1 - 892, 1977
Author
Barneby R.C.
Publisher
The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York
Year
1977
ISBN
0-89327-001-6
Description
A very detailed treatment of the genera Errazurizia, Psorothamnus, Marina and Dalea
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

235
Title
An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada
Publication
 
Author
Britton. N. L. Brown. A.
Publisher
Dover Publications. New York.
Year
1970
ISBN
0-486-22642-5
Description
Reprint of a 1913 Flora, but still a very useful book.

Range

Central N. America - S. Dakota, south to Arizona, New Mexico, Texas and northern Mexico

Habitat

Prairies and dry hillsides, on a variety of soils but perhaps most vigorous on sedimentary bedrock, especially limestone; at elevations from 10 - 1,800 metres[
1359
Title
Daleae Imagines; An Illustrated Revision of ERRAZURIZIA Philippi, PSOROTHAMNUS Rydberg, MARINA Liebmann, and DALEA L
Publication
Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden Vol 27 pp 1 - 892, 1977
Author
Barneby R.C.
Publisher
The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York
Year
1977
ISBN
0-89327-001-6
Description
A very detailed treatment of the genera Errazurizia, Psorothamnus, Marina and Dalea
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitPerennial
Height0.60 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details



This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

An infusion or decoction of the leaves is used as a treatment for colic, stomach aches, dysentery[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - sow in early spring in a greenhouse. The seed has a hard seedcoat and benefits from scarification before sowing in order to speed up and improve germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out into their permanent positions in the summer[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2018-12-16. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Dalea+aurea>

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