Alfredia japonica Miq.
Carduus eriophorus Thunb.
Carduus japonicus (DC.) Franch.
Cirsium belingschanicum Petr. ex Hand.-Mazz.
Cirsium bodinieri (Vaniot) H.Lév.
Cirsium cerberus (Vaniot) H.Lév.
Cirsium diabolicum Kitam.
Cirsium hainanense Masam.
Cirsium ibukiense Nakai
Cirsium kawakamii Hayata
Cirsium kitagoense Nakai
Cirsium kiusianum Nakai
Cirsium lacinulatum Nakai
Cirsium maackii horridum (Nakai) Nakai
Cirsium maackii intermedium (Matsum.) Nakai
Cirsium maackii kiusianum Nakai
Cirsium maackii vulcani (Nakai) Nakai
Cirsium nakaianum (H.Lév. & Vaniot) Nakai
Cirsium senile Nakai
Cirsium smithianum Petr.
Cirsium taquetii Nakai
Cirsium xanthacanthum Nakai
Cnicus bodinieri Vaniot
Cnicus cerberus Vaniot
Cnicus japonicus (DC.) Maxim.
Cnicus nakaianus H.Lév. & Vaniot
Cnicus taquetii H.Lév. & Vaniot
Common Name: No-Azami
Cirsium japonicum is a herbaceous perennial plant growing from a tuberous rootstock; it produces a basal cluster of leaves and an erect stem that is usually 30 - 80cm tall but can reach 150cm[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. It is sometimes cultivated as an ornamental, valued especially for its flowers which are used in cut flower displays[
The plant is listed as a noxious weed in California.
E. Asia - eastern and central China, Japan, Korea, Vietnam.
Forests, forest margins, thickets, grasslands, wastelands, farmlands, roadsides, streamsides; at elevations from 400 - 2,100 metres[
]. Sunny slopes in lowlands and foothills, C. and S. Japan[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Pollinators||Bees, Flies, Lepidoptera, Beetles, Self
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
Cirsium species are generally easily grown plants, succeeding in any ordinary garden soil in a sunny position[
Cultivated for cut flowers in Japan[
]. There are some named forms selected for their ornamental value[
Leaves - cooked[
]. Very palatable in the spring, they are used with the young roots[
The roots are anti-inflammatory, diuretic and haemostatic[
]. A decoction of the dried roots is used in the treatment of boils and carbuncles, acute appendicitis, uterine bleeding, haematuria, nose bleeds, haematemesis and traumatic bleeding[
The leaf is haemostatic and diuretic[
The stem is haemostatic[
In traditional Chines medicine there is usually little distinction made between this species and Cirsium spicatum - this species being seen as simply a small variety of Cirsium spicatum. Generally speaking, this species is more likely to be used internally, whilst Cirsium spicatum is more frequently recommended for external application[
The seed of all species of thistles yields a good oil by expression[
]. No details of potential yields etc are given[
Seed - sow early spring or autumn in situ. Germination usually takes place within 2 - 8 weeks at 20°c[
Division in spring or autumn.