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Common Name: Belah
Casuarina cristata is an evergreen tree that can grow up to 12.00 metres tall.
It has miscellaneous uses.
Australia - New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia.
], usually on heavier soils and avoiding ridges[
]. Usually found in clayey grey or brown soils with calcareous nodules near the surface[
Requires a well-drained moisture-retentive soil in full sun[
]. A report for Australian gardens says that it prefers growing in dry areas but also thrives in very wet soils[
]. Fast growing[
This plant tolerates temperatures down to at least -7°c in Australian gardens[
] although this cannot be translated directly to British gardens due to our cooler summers and longer, colder wetter winters. It might succeed outdoors in the mildest areas of the country[
This species is dioecious - both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required[
The plant produces suckers from the roots and often forms dense groves which can be all of one clone[
Unlike most members of this genus, this plant does not fix atmospheric nitrogen[
The bark is rich in tannin[
Wood - very hard, not durable, takes a good polish. Mainly used for furniture and fencing, it is also a good fuel[
Seed - sow late winter to early summer in a greenhouse and only just cover the seed[
]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood, mid summer in a frame[