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Cardiocrinum giganteum is a Bulb up to 1.80 metres tall.
It has medicinal and miscellaneous uses.
E. Asia - Himalayas from Nepal to Assam and Sikkim.
Woodland clearings at an altitude of 1,500 - 2,400 metres and as high as 3,600 metres around Simla[
Prefers a moist well-drained position in shade and a soil that is rich in leafmould[
]. Requires a deep, very fertile humus-laden soil[
]. Prefers growing in woodland conditions[
A monocarpic plant, the bulb takes about 7 years to reach flowering size but then dies after flowering. However, it produces a number of new bulblets at the base and can be propagated by these[
]. These bulblets take 3 - 5 years to flower[
The flowers scent the surrounding area with their rich sweet perfume[
When planting, only just cover the bulb with leafmould[
]. The bulb is very attractive to slugs, mice and voles and may require protection[
Plants seem to be immune to the predations of rabbits[
The leaves are used as an external cooling application to alleviate the pains of wounds and bruises[
A paste of the root is applied as a poultice to treat dislocated bones[
A kind of flute is made from the hollow stems[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame in the autumn. The plant has delayed epigeal germination and will often germinate in the spring but can take up to 2 years especially if the seed is stored prior to being sown[
]. An alternative is to mix the seed with some moist leafmould and seal it in a plastic bag. Keep this at a temperature of 20°c for 3 weeks then pot up any seed that germinates and place the rest in a fridge for 4 - 5 weeks at 3 - 5°c before sowing in a warm place[
]. Seedlings should be grown on in pots in a shaded position in a cold frame or greenhouse for 3 - 4 years before planting them out in their permanent positions[
Bulblets are obtained from the base of the old plant after flowering. Pot up and plant out when well established.