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Useful Temperate Plants

Caragana jubata

(Pall.) Poir.

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Aspalathus jubatus (L.) Kuntze

Astragalus jubata (Pall.) Kuntze

Caragana chumbica Prain

Caragana czetyrkininii Sanchir

Caragana forrestii Sanchir

Robinia jubata Pall.

Common Name: Shag-Spine Peashrub

No Image.

General Information

Caragana jubata is a very spiny, deciduous shrub with two basic forms. When growing in forests it is usually erect and around 100 - 300cm tall, occasionally to 500cm, either branching from the base or with a single main stem before branching. When growing in alpine or arctic regions it is usually more or less prostrate and dwarf[
74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of fibre. It is grown as an ornamental in gardens, where it can be used as a hedge[
74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

11
Title
Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
Publication
 
Author
Bean. W.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1981
ISBN
-
Description
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
,
74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.

Range

Asia - Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Siberia, Russian Far East, Mongolia, China, northern India, Nepal, Bhutan

Habitat

Dry gravel slopes above the sub-alpine forest belt[
91
Title
Alpine Plants of China.
Publication
 
Author
Zhang Jingwei.
Publisher
Gordon & Breach. New York.
Year
1982
ISBN
0-677-60190-5
Description
A lovely book with nice pictures. Gives habitats and some details of plant uses.
]. Stony slopes and alpine meadows in the upper mountain zone; in the forest belt mainly on sandy or stony islands and banks in river valleys, in
forest margins, and the shade of coniferous forests[
74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitDeciduous Shrub
Height1.00 m
PollinatorsBees
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Caragana jubata is a plant of continental climates with their hot often dry summers and cold winters. It does not grow so well in maritime climates with their moist, cloudy weather and mild winters that can excite a plant into growth too early in the year[
11
Title
Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
Publication
 
Author
Bean. W.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1981
ISBN
-
Description
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
]. In such a climate the best chance of success is to grow the plant at the foot of a warm dry wall in a well-drained light soil[
11
Title
Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
Publication
 
Author
Bean. W.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1981
ISBN
-
Description
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
].
Prefers full sun and a light sandy dry or well-drained soil[
1
Title
RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Publication
 
Author
F. Chittendon.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1951
ISBN
-
Description
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaced in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
,
11
Title
Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
Publication
 
Author
Bean. W.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1981
ISBN
-
Description
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
,
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Dislikes damp conditions[
1
Title
RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Publication
 
Author
F. Chittendon.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1951
ISBN
-
Description
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaced in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
]. Does not require a rich soil, succeeding on marginal land[
11
Title
Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
Publication
 
Author
Bean. W.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1981
ISBN
-
Description
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
].
A remarkably curious shrub, but it is not showy[
1
Title
RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Publication
 
Author
F. Chittendon.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1951
ISBN
-
Description
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaced in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
].
Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The plant is antirheumatic, demulcent, vulnerary. It is used in the treatment of boils, swellings, coughs, headaches and rheumatic arthritis[
91
Title
Alpine Plants of China.
Publication
 
Author
Zhang Jingwei.
Publisher
Gordon & Breach. New York.
Year
1982
ISBN
0-677-60190-5
Description
A lovely book with nice pictures. Gives habitats and some details of plant uses.
].

The heartwood is used to treat blood pressure problems and menstrual disorders[
1176
Title
Studies on Phytochemical Screening, Antimicrobial, Antioxidant and Cytotoxic Activities of Caragana jubata of Nepal
Publication
Advances in Pharmacology and Clinical Trials; Vol 1 Issue 1
Author
Reeta Mandal, Kanti Shrestha and Mohan Bikram Gewali
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
2474-9214
Description
 
]

The whole plant is antibacterial, antioxidant. It has been used in the treatment of some cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, blood circulation disorder, blood stasis in the Amchi Medicine. It is also used to treat arthritis and abnormal menstruation and muscle pain[
1176
Title
Studies on Phytochemical Screening, Antimicrobial, Antioxidant and Cytotoxic Activities of Caragana jubata of Nepal
Publication
Advances in Pharmacology and Clinical Trials; Vol 1 Issue 1
Author
Reeta Mandal, Kanti Shrestha and Mohan Bikram Gewali
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
2474-9214
Description
 
]

The plants have been shown to contain a number of medicinally active compounds, including flavonoids, terpenoids, tannins, alkaloids and saponins[
1176
Title
Studies on Phytochemical Screening, Antimicrobial, Antioxidant and Cytotoxic Activities of Caragana jubata of Nepal
Publication
Advances in Pharmacology and Clinical Trials; Vol 1 Issue 1
Author
Reeta Mandal, Kanti Shrestha and Mohan Bikram Gewali
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
2474-9214
Description
 
].

Agroforestry Uses:

A very spiny plant, it forms an impenetrable barrier and can be grown as a hedge[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Other Uses

A fibre obtained from the bark is used for making cordage, gunny bags etc[
91
Title
Alpine Plants of China.
Publication
 
Author
Zhang Jingwei.
Publisher
Gordon & Breach. New York.
Year
1982
ISBN
0-677-60190-5
Description
A lovely book with nice pictures. Gives habitats and some details of plant uses.
].

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. It usually germinates in 2 weeks[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
]. Stored seed should be pre-soaked for 24 hours in warm water then sown in a cold frame[
78
Title
Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers.
Publication
 
Author
Sheat. W. G.
Publisher
MacMillan and Co
Year
1948
ISBN
-
Description
A bit dated but a good book on propagation techniques with specific details for a wide range of plants.
,
113
Title
The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation.
Publication
 
Author
Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W.
Publisher
Athens Ga. Varsity Press
Year
1987
ISBN
0942375009
Description
A very detailed book on propagating trees. Not for the casual reader.
,
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. If the seed has not swollen then scarify it and re-soak for another 12 hours before sowing[
138
Title
Growing from Seed. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Bird. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Thompson and Morgan.
Year
1989
ISBN
-
Description
Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation.
]. Germination usually takes place within 2 - 3 weeks at 20°c[
138
Title
Growing from Seed. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Bird. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Thompson and Morgan.
Year
1989
ISBN
-
Description
Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation.
]. Good percentage[
11
Title
Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
Publication
 
Author
Bean. W.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1981
ISBN
-
Description
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
]. As soon as they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 7 - 10cm with a heel, mid summer in a frame[
113
Title
The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation.
Publication
 
Author
Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W.
Publisher
Athens Ga. Varsity Press
Year
1987
ISBN
0942375009
Description
A very detailed book on propagating trees. Not for the casual reader.
].
Layering in spring.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2019-09-18. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Caragana+jubata>

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