Camphorata hirsuta Moench
Camphorata monspeliaca (L.) Crantz
Camphorata perennis (Pall.) Kuntze
Camphorata ruthenica (M.Bieb.) Kuntze
Camphorosma glabra L.
Camphorosma hirsuta Stokes
Camphorosma lessingii Litv.
Camphorosma monspeliense L.
Camphorosma nestensis Turrill
Camphorosma perennis Pall.
Camphorosma ruthenica M.Bieb.
Camphorosma vigintimilleis Tineo
Camphorosma monspeliaca is an evergreen plant, forming a dense mat of overwintering, short, more or less woody stems at the soil surface. Each spring, numerous, ascending to erect annual stems that are branched above arise from this mat of woody stems and grow 10 - 50cm tall[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine.
Eurasia - from southeastern Europe through southwestern and central Asia to southwestern Siberia, Mongolia and western China
Saline soils and dry waste places, north to latitude 53°north in eastern central Russia[
]. Gobi desert, deserts, arid slopes, dunes, wastelands[
|Other Uses Rating||
Camphorosma monspeliaca is a typical plant of steppe and semi-desert regions[
]. It can tolerate cold winters but strongly dislikes winter wet and also needs hot summers in order to grow well. It is therefore best suited to a continental climate and can be very difficult to grow in more maritime areas.
Prefers a sandy soil[
]. It succeeds on sunny slopes in the warmer maritime areas of Britain[11. 166. 182], it is probably not hardy in other areas of the country.
The stems and leaves emit a powerful camphor-like scent[
Flowers can be female or hermaphrodite[
An extract of the plant is antiasthmatic, diaphoretic, diuretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, stimulant[
]. It is also used to control menstruation[
The plant has been shown to have effective antioxidant properties[
An essential oil with the aroma of camphor is obtained from the plant. It is used medicinally[
]. The plant yields 0.2% essential oil[
Seed - we have no details of this species but would suggest that it is best sown in late winter or early spring in a freely-draining compost in a greenhouse with the seed only just covered. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Grow on the plants for at least the first winter in a greenhouse and plant out in late spring or early summer.