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Useful Temperate Plants

Camphorosma monspeliaca

L.

Amaranthaceae

+ Synonyms

Camphorata hirsuta Moench

Camphorata monspeliaca (L.) Crantz

Camphorata perennis (Pall.) Kuntze

Camphorata ruthenica (M.Bieb.) Kuntze

Camphorosma glabra L.

Camphorosma hirsuta Stokes

Camphorosma lessingii Litv.

Camphorosma monspeliense L.

Camphorosma nestensis Turrill

Camphorosma perennis Pall.

Camphorosma ruthenica M.Bieb.

Camphorosma vigintimilleis Tineo

Common Name:

Camphorosma monspeliaca
Drawing of the plant
Photograph by: Adolphus Ypey
Public domain

General Information

Camphorosma monspeliaca is an evergreen plant, forming a dense mat of overwintering, short, more or less woody stems at the soil surface. Each spring, numerous, ascending to erect annual stems that are branched above arise from this mat of woody stems and grow 10 - 50cm tall[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
,
1145
Title
AgroAtlas
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line database of economic plants of Russia and the surrounding countries that formed the USSR, giving botanical descriptions, distribution, habitats and uses. It also gives comprehensive information on climate, soil, pests, diseases etc
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

11
Title
Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
Publication
 
Author
Bean. W.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1981
ISBN
-
Description
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
,
50
Title
Flora Europaea
Publication
 
Author
?
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Year
1964
ISBN
-
Description
An immense work in 6 volumes (including the index). The standard reference flora for Europe, it is very terse though and with very little extra information. Not for the casual reader.
,
287
Title
Flora of Pakistan
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.efloras.org
Publisher
 
Year
 
ISBN
 
Description
As of 2006, there is not much information on habitats available, but it is being developed and promises to be an excellent resource.

Range

Eurasia - from southeastern Europe through southwestern and central Asia to southwestern Siberia, Mongolia and western China

Habitat

Saline soils and dry waste places, north to latitude 53┬░north in eastern central Russia[
50
Title
Flora Europaea
Publication
 
Author
?
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Year
1964
ISBN
-
Description
An immense work in 6 volumes (including the index). The standard reference flora for Europe, it is very terse though and with very little extra information. Not for the casual reader.
]. Gobi desert, deserts, arid slopes, dunes, wastelands[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Shrub
Height0.35 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Camphorosma monspeliaca is a typical plant of steppe and semi-desert regions[
1145
Title
AgroAtlas
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line database of economic plants of Russia and the surrounding countries that formed the USSR, giving botanical descriptions, distribution, habitats and uses. It also gives comprehensive information on climate, soil, pests, diseases etc
]. It can tolerate cold winters but strongly dislikes winter wet and also needs hot summers in order to grow well. It is therefore best suited to a continental climate and can be very difficult to grow in more maritime areas.
Prefers a sandy soil[
245
Title
Scented Flora of the World.
Publication
 
Author
Genders. R.
Publisher
Robert Hale. London.
Year
1994
ISBN
0-7090-5440-8
Description
An excellent, comprehensive book on scented plants giving a few other plant uses and brief cultivation details. There are no illustrations.
]. It succeeds on sunny slopes in the warmer maritime areas of Britain[11. 166. 182], it is probably not hardy in other areas of the country.
The stems and leaves emit a powerful camphor-like scent[
50
Title
Flora Europaea
Publication
 
Author
?
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Year
1964
ISBN
-
Description
An immense work in 6 volumes (including the index). The standard reference flora for Europe, it is very terse though and with very little extra information. Not for the casual reader.
,
182
Title
Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos.
Publication
 
Author
Thomas. G. S.
Publisher
Murray
Year
1992
ISBN
0-7195-5043-2
Description
Contains a wide range of plants with a brief description, mainly of their ornamental value but also usually of cultivation details and varieties.
,
245
Title
Scented Flora of the World.
Publication
 
Author
Genders. R.
Publisher
Robert Hale. London.
Year
1994
ISBN
0-7090-5440-8
Description
An excellent, comprehensive book on scented plants giving a few other plant uses and brief cultivation details. There are no illustrations.
].
Flowers can be female or hermaphrodite[
287
Title
Flora of Pakistan
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.efloras.org
Publisher
 
Year
 
ISBN
 
Description
As of 2006, there is not much information on habitats available, but it is being developed and promises to be an excellent resource.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

An extract of the plant is antiasthmatic, diaphoretic, diuretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, stimulant[
61
Title
A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man.
Publication
 
Author
Usher. G.
Publisher
Constable
Year
1974
ISBN
0094579202
Description
Forget the sexist title, this is one of the best books on the subject. Lists a very extensive range of useful plants from around the world with very brief details of the uses. Not for the casual reader.
]. It is also used to control menstruation[
61
Title
A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man.
Publication
 
Author
Usher. G.
Publisher
Constable
Year
1974
ISBN
0094579202
Description
Forget the sexist title, this is one of the best books on the subject. Lists a very extensive range of useful plants from around the world with very brief details of the uses. Not for the casual reader.
].

The plant has been shown to have effective antioxidant properties[
1217
Title
Antioxidant Properties of Chorispora tenalla and Camphorosma monspeliaca subsp. Monspeliaca Halophyte Plants from Tu
Publication
Conference Paper, January 2017; International Congress on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants
Author
Yavuz Selim Cakmak
Publisher
 
Year
2017
ISBN
 
Description
Conference paper, delivered at the International Congress on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in January 2017
].

Other Uses

An essential oil with the aroma of camphor is obtained from the plant. It is used medicinally[
1145
Title
AgroAtlas
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line database of economic plants of Russia and the surrounding countries that formed the USSR, giving botanical descriptions, distribution, habitats and uses. It also gives comprehensive information on climate, soil, pests, diseases etc
]. The plant yields 0.2% essential oil[
74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Propagation

Seed - we have no details of this species but would suggest that it is best sown in late winter or early spring in a freely-draining compost in a greenhouse with the seed only just covered. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Grow on the plants for at least the first winter in a greenhouse and plant out in late spring or early summer.
Cite as: Temperate Plants Database, Ken Fern. temperate.theferns.info. 2020-10-01. <temperate.theferns.info/plant/Camphorosma+monspeliaca>

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