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Useful Temperate Plants

Campanula rotundifolia

L.

Campanulaceae

+ Synonyms

Campanula pinifolia Uechtr. ex Pancic

Campanula sarmentosa Fenzl & Vuk.

Campanula scheuchzeri heterodoxa (Vest ex Schult.) A.Gray

Campanula pubescens Rchb. ex Nyman

Campanula scheuchzeri inconcessa (Schott, Nyman & Kotschy) Nyman

Campanula pusilla lobata (Schloss. & Vuk.) Vuk.

Campanula pennica Reut. ex Payot

Campanula carnica racemosa Krašan

Campanula solstitialis A.Kern.

Campanula confertifolia (Reut.) Witasek

Campanula racemosa (Krašan) Witasek

Campanula marchesettii calisii (Murr) Dalla Torre & Sarnth.

Campanula legionensis Pau

Campanula balcanica racemosa (Krašan) Hruby

Campanula caballeroi Sennen & Losa

Campanula delicatula Sennen & Losa

Campanula tracheliifolia Losa ex Sennen

Campanula chinganensis A.I.Baranov

Campanula asturica Podlech

Campanula wiedmannii Podlech

Campanula urbionensis Rivas Mart. & G.Navarro

Campanula scheuchzeri lanceolata (Lapeyr.) J.-M.Tison

Campanula variifolia Salisb.

Campanula heterophylla Gray

Campanula diversifolia Dumort.

Campanula grammosepala lobophylla Vuk.

Campanula juncea Hill

Campanula minor Lam.

Campanula filiformis Gilib.

Campanula rotunda Gilib.

Campanula bocconei Vill.

Campanula tenuifolia Hoffm.

Campanula linifolia Schrank

Campanula angustifolia Lam.

Campanula minuta Savi

Campanula lanceolata Lapeyr.

Campanula antirrhina Schleich.

Campanula hostii Baumg.

Campanula heterodoxa Vest ex Schult.

Campanula rhomboidalis lanceolata (Lapeyr.) Loisel.

Campanula allophylla Raf. ex A.DC.

Campanula lostrittii Ten.

Campanula heterodoxa Bong.

Campanula decloetiana Ortmann

Campanula cinerea Hegetschw.

Campanula cespitosa bocconei (Vill.) Steud.

Rapunculus esculentus Steud.

Depierrea campanuloides Schltdl.

Campanula bielzii Schur

Campanula lanceolata Schur

Campanula pseudovaldensis Schur

Campanula reboudiana Gren. & Godr.

Campanula grammosepala Vuk.

Campanula inconcessa Schott, Nyman & Kotschy

Campanula pennina Reut.

Campanula langsdorffiana (A.DC.) Fisch. ex Trautv. & C.A.Mey.

Campanula arcuata subrhomboidalis Schur

Campanula lancifolia Schur

Campanula paenina Reut. ex Tissière

Campanula poenina Reut. ex Tissière

Campanula lobata Schloss. & Vuk.

Common Name: Harebell

Campanula rotundifolia
Flowering stem of plant growing by the Westensee, Westensee, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
Photograph by: Andreas Eichler
Creative Commons License
Campanula rotundifolia Campanula rotundifolia Campanula rotundifolia

General Information

Campanula rotundifolia is a herbaceous perennial plant producing a cluster of branched stems 15 - 40cm tall from a spreading, rhizomatous rootstock[
74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine. It is often grown in the ornamental garden - the flowers and leaves can be eaten.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

17
Title
Flora of the British Isles.
Publication
 
Author
Clapham, Tutin and Warburg.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Year
1962
ISBN
-
Description
A very comprehensive flora, the standard reference book but it has no pictures.
,
74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.

Range

Eurasia - Norway and Britain to Spain, east through northern Europe to the Russian Far East and northern China

Habitat

Meadows, forest edges, shrubby formations[
74
Title
Flora of the USSR.
Publication
 
Author
Komarov. V. L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Israel Program for Scientific Translation
Year
1968
ISBN
-
Description
An immense (25 or more large volumes) and not yet completed translation of the Russian flora. Full of information on plant uses and habitats but heavy going for casual readers. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. Dry grassy places and on fixed dunes, often in poor shallow soils[
17
Title
Flora of the British Isles.
Publication
 
Author
Clapham, Tutin and Warburg.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Year
1962
ISBN
-
Description
A very comprehensive flora, the standard reference book but it has no pictures.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitPerennial
Height0.40 m
PollinatorsBees, Flies, Beetles, Lepidoptera, Self
Self-fertileYes
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

Campanula rotundifolia is a very cold-hardy plant, tolerating winter temperatures falling to at least -20°c[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
A very easily grown plant, it succeeds in most fertile well-drained soils[
233
Title
Perennial Garden Plants
Publication
 
Author
Thomas. G. S.
Publisher
J. M. Dent & Sons, London.
Year
1990
ISBN
0 460 86048 8
Description
A concise guide to a wide range of perennials. Lots of cultivation guides, very little on plant uses.
,
271
Title
Campanulas - A Gardener's Guide.
Publication
 
Author
Lewis. P. & Lynch. M.
Publisher
B. T. Batsford. London.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-7134-8266-4
Description
Very readable account of almost 150 members of the genus, together with their hybrids and cultivars, that are more commonly grown in gardens. Excellent photographs of many of the species.
], though it prefers a moist but well-drained rich sandy loam and a neutral or alkaline soil in sun or partial shade[
1
Title
RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Publication
 
Author
F. Chittendon.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1951
ISBN
-
Description
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaced in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
,
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Succeeds in poor soils[
17
Title
Flora of the British Isles.
Publication
 
Author
Clapham, Tutin and Warburg.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Year
1962
ISBN
-
Description
A very comprehensive flora, the standard reference book but it has no pictures.
]. This species can be naturalized in finer turfs, on grassy banks and in chalk downland and heath associations[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
A very variable species in the wild[
271
Title
Campanulas - A Gardener's Guide.
Publication
 
Author
Lewis. P. & Lynch. M.
Publisher
B. T. Batsford. London.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-7134-8266-4
Description
Very readable account of almost 150 members of the genus, together with their hybrids and cultivars, that are more commonly grown in gardens. Excellent photographs of many of the species.
].
When established, plants can spread fairly freely and also self-sow, though they are quite easily contained by hoeing[
271
Title
Campanulas - A Gardener's Guide.
Publication
 
Author
Lewis. P. & Lynch. M.
Publisher
B. T. Batsford. London.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-7134-8266-4
Description
Very readable account of almost 150 members of the genus, together with their hybrids and cultivars, that are more commonly grown in gardens. Excellent photographs of many of the species.
].
The species in this genus do not often hybridize and so seed can generally be relied upon to come true[
221
Title
Campanulas - their cultivation and classification.
Publication
 
Author
Crook. H. Clifford.
Publisher
Country Life
Year
1951
ISBN
-
Description
The most comprehensive treatment of the genus yet written (2002).
]. The plants are self-fertile[
221
Title
Campanulas - their cultivation and classification.
Publication
 
Author
Crook. H. Clifford.
Publisher
Country Life
Year
1951
ISBN
-
Description
The most comprehensive treatment of the genus yet written (2002).
].
Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer or rabbits[
233
Title
Perennial Garden Plants
Publication
 
Author
Thomas. G. S.
Publisher
J. M. Dent & Sons, London.
Year
1990
ISBN
0 460 86048 8
Description
A concise guide to a wide range of perennials. Lots of cultivation guides, very little on plant uses.
].
A very ornamental plant, there are some named varieties[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Edible Uses

Leaves - raw or cooked[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Flowers - a mild, slightly sweet flavour[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Medicinal

The root has been chewed in the treatment of heart and lung problems[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
]. An infusion of the roots has been used as ear drops for a sore ear[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
].

A decoction of the plant has been drunk or used as a wash in the treatment of sore eyes[
257
Title
Native American Ethnobotany
Publication
 
Author
Moerman. D.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-88192-453-9
Description
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - surface sow in spring in a cold frame. Three or four weeks pre-chilling of the seed improves the germination rate[
138
Title
Growing from Seed. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Bird. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Thompson and Morgan.
Year
1989
ISBN
-
Description
Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation.
]. The seed usually germinates in 2 - 4 weeks at 18°c[
138
Title
Growing from Seed. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Bird. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Thompson and Morgan.
Year
1989
ISBN
-
Description
Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation.
]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
The seed can also be sown outdoors in situ during the spring.
Basal cuttings in spring[
1
Title
RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Publication
 
Author
F. Chittendon.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1951
ISBN
-
Description
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaced in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
]. Harvest the shoots when they are about 10 - 15cm long with plenty of underground stem. Pot them up into individual pots and keep them in light shade in a cold frame or greenhouse until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the summer.
Division in spring or autumn[
111
Title
Popular Hardy Perennials.
Publication
 
Author
Sanders. T. W.
Publisher
Collingridge
Year
1926
ISBN
-
Description
A fairly wide range of perennial plants that can be grown in Britain and how to grow them.
]. Very easy, larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the summer or following spring.

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