Campanula amygdalifolia Salisb.
Campanula attenuata Ledeb. ex Spreng.
Campanula crystallocalyx Adamovic
Campanula dasycarpa Kit.
Campanula hispida Lej.
Campanula humilis Schur
Campanula lanceolata J.Presl & C.Presl
Campanula linifolia L.
Campanula magellensis Ten.
Campanula persicaster F.Herm.
Campanula pumila F.W.Schmidt
Campanula racemosa grandiflora Vuk.
Campanula rhodii Loisel.
Campanula sessiliflora K.Koch
Campanula speciosa Gilib.
Campanula stenopoda Gand.
Campanula subpyrenaica Timb.-Lagr.
Campanula thessala Gand.
Campanula vesula All.
Neocodon persicifolius (L.) Kolak. & Serdyuk.
Rapunculus persicifolius (L.) Fourr.
Common Name: Harebell
Cultivated plant in Transylvania
Photograph by: DenesFeri
Campanula persicifolia is a perennial plant spreading at the roots to form a cluster of rosettes of narrow, bright green leaves 10 - 20cm long. In mild winter areas these leaves remain green all winter, in colder regions they die down and resprout in the spring. Erect, mainly unbranched, flowering stems 50 - 90cm tall develop from each rosette in late spring and summer[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food. It has in the past been cultivated as a salad plant, and is widely grown in gardens as an ornamental.
Eurasia - Norway to Spain, east to the Caucasus, western Siberia, Kazakhstan and Turkey
Meadows, forest clearings[
]. Commons and open woods[
|Pollinators||Bees, Flies, Beetles, Lepidoptera, Self
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
Campanula persicifolia is a very cold-hardy plant, tolerating winter temperatures down to at least -20°c[
Easily grown in ordinary garden soil[
]. Prefers a moist but well-drained rich sandy loam and a neutral or alkaline soil in sun or partial shade[
]. Succeeds in light woodland[
]. Plants appreciate part-day shade when growing in hot summer areas[
The species in this genus do not often hybridize and so seed can generally be relied upon to come true[
]. The plants are self-fertile[
A very ornamental plant, there are many named varieties[
]. It was at one time grown as a culinary vegetable, but is now only grown as an ornamental plant[
The sub-species Campanula persicifolia crystalocalyx has larger leaves than the species and so is more suitable as a food crop[
A very long-lived and easily grown plant[
], it is best divided every other year[
]. Slugs are very fond of this plant and can cause severe damage even to large plants[
Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer[
This plant is a potential winter salad plant, it retains a basal rosette of leaves all winter[
Leaves - raw or cooked[
]. Rich in vitamin C[
]. A mild flavour, it is nice in salads and is liked by most people who try it[
]. The plant forms over-wintering basal rosettes of leaves and thus provides a source of fresh leaves throughout the winter[
]. The main problem with these leaves is that they are very narrow and it takes quite a lot of picking in order to obtain a reasonable quantity[
Root - raw[
Flowers - raw. A pleasant sweetness, and a very ornamental addition to mixed salads[
Plants will often naturalize when grown in an open woodland[
Seed - surface sow spring in a cold frame. The seed usually germinates in 2 - 4 weeks at 18°c[
]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
Basal cuttings in spring[
]. Harvest the shoots when they are about 10 - 15cm long with plenty of underground stem. Pot them up into individual pots and keep them in light shade in a cold frame or greenhouse until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the summer.
Division in spring or autumn[
]. Very easy[
], larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the summer or following spring.