Campanula amygdalifolia Salisb.
Campanula racemosa grandiflora Vuk.
Rapunculus persicifolius (L.) Fourr.
Neocodon persicifolius (L.) Kolak. & Serdyuk.
Campanula linifolia L.
Campanula speciosa Gilib.
Campanula vesula All.
Campanula pumila F.W.Schmidt
Campanula magellensis Ten.
Campanula hispida Lej.
Campanula dasycarpa Kit.
Campanula lanceolata J.Presl & C.Presl
Campanula attenuata Ledeb. ex Spreng.
Campanula rhodii Loisel.
Campanula humilis Schur
Campanula stenopoda Gand.
Campanula thessala Gand.
Campanula crystallocalyx Adamovic
Campanula sessiliflora K.Koch
Campanula persicaster F.Herm.
Campanula subpyrenaica Timb.-Lagr.
Common Name: Harebell
Cultivated plant in Transylvania
Photograph by: DenesFeri
Campanula persicifolia is a perennial plant spreading at the roots to form a cluster of rosettes of narrow, bright green leaves 10 - 20cm long. In mild winter areas these leaves remain green all winter, in colder regions they die down and resprout in the spring. Erect, mainly unbranched, flowering stems 50 - 90cm tall develop from each rosette in late spring and summer[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food. It has in the past been cultivated as a salad plant, and is widely grown in gardens as an ornamental.
Eurasia - Norway to Spain, east to the Caucasus, western Siberia, Kazakhstan and Turkey
Meadows, forest clearings[
]. Commons and open woods[
|Pollinators||Bees, Flies, Beetles, Lepidoptera, Self
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
Campanula persicifolia is a very cold-hardy plant, tolerating winter temperatures down to at least -20°c[
Easily grown in ordinary garden soil[
]. Prefers a moist but well-drained rich sandy loam and a neutral or alkaline soil in sun or partial shade[
]. Succeeds in light woodland[
]. Plants appreciate part-day shade when growing in hot summer areas[
The species in this genus do not often hybridize and so seed can generally be relied upon to come true[
]. The plants are self-fertile[
A very ornamental plant, there are many named varieties[
]. It was at one time grown as a culinary vegetable, but is now only grown as an ornamental plant[
The sub-species Campanula persicifolia crystalocalyx has larger leaves than the species and so is more suitable as a food crop[
A very long-lived and easily grown plant[
], it is best divided every other year[
]. Slugs are very fond of this plant and can cause severe damage even to large plants[
Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer[
This plant is a potential winter salad plant, it retains a basal rosette of leaves all winter[
Leaves - raw or cooked[
]. Rich in vitamin C[
]. A mild flavour, it is nice in salads and is liked by most people who try it[
]. The plant forms over-wintering basal rosettes of leaves and thus provides a source of fresh leaves throughout the winter[
]. The main problem with these leaves is that they are very narrow and it takes quite a lot of picking in order to obtain a reasonable quantity[
Root - raw[
Flowers - raw. A pleasant sweetness, and a very ornamental addition to mixed salads[
Plants will often naturalize when grown in an open woodland[
Seed - surface sow spring in a cold frame. The seed usually germinates in 2 - 4 weeks at 18°c[
]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
Basal cuttings in spring[
]. Harvest the shoots when they are about 10 - 15cm long with plenty of underground stem. Pot them up into individual pots and keep them in light shade in a cold frame or greenhouse until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the summer.
Division in spring or autumn[
]. Very easy[
], larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the summer or following spring.