Campanula bourdiniana Gand.
Campanula florida Salisb.
Campanula grandiflora Lam.
Marianthemum medium (L.) Schur
Medium grandiflorum Spach
Rapuntia media (L.) Chevall.
Sykoraea hortensis Opiz
Talanelis medium (L.) Raf.
Common Name: Canterbury Bells
Campanula medium is an erect, biennial plant that can grow up to 100cm tall. The plant forms a rosette of leaves in its first year of growth and develops a thick, cylindrical rootstock. In the second year it sends up a stout, much-branched flowering stem.[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and dye. It is much grown as an ornamental in gardens.
Southern Europe - France, Italy
Railway banks in the S.E. and E. Midlands of Britain[
]. Stony banks amongst calcareous rocks in Europe[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Pollinators||Bees, Flies, Beetles, Lepidoptera, Self
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
Campanula medium is only somewhat cold tolerant, able to withstand winter temperatures down to around -10
Succeeds in most fertile well-drained soils[
], though it prefers a moist but well-drained rich sandy loam and a neutral or alkaline soil in sun or partial shade[
A very ornamental plant, it is often grown in the flower garden and there are many named varieties[
The species in this genus do not often hybridize and so seed can generally be relied upon to come true[
]. The plants are self-fertile[
]. Plants usually self-sow in British gardens[
Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer[
Young shoots - raw or cooked[
]. Seasoned with oil and vinegar, then eaten as a salad[
Root - cooked[
The plant has at times been used in folk medicine[
Green and pale blue dyes are obtained from the flowers[
Seed - best sown in an outdoor seedbed in May, the seedlings are transplanted when large enough and then placed in their final positions in the autumn[
]. The seed usually germinates in 2 - 4 weeks at 18°c[