Many of the medicinal uses mentioned here were listed under Callicarpa formosana Rolfe. However, we are following the treatment of Bramley, G.L.C. (2013). The genus Callicarpa (Lamiaceae) in the Philippines. Kew Bulletin 68: 369-418 which has reduced Callicarpa formosana Rolfe to synonymy under this taxon[
Callicarpa aspera Hand.-Mazz.
Callicarpa bicolor Fern.-Vill.
Callicarpa blancoi Rolfe
Callicarpa brevipes glabrescens Moldenke
Callicarpa cuspidata Roxb.
Callicarpa dentata Roth
Callicarpa formosana Rolfe
Callicarpa integerrima serrulata H.L.Li
Callicarpa ningpoensis Matsuda
Callicarpa obtusifolia Merr.
Callicarpa ovata C.B.Rob.
Callicarpa pedunculata longifolia (Suzuki) C.H.Chang
Callicarpa rubella robusta C.Pei
Callicarpa taiwaniana Suzuki
Callicarpa tiliifolia Teijsm. & Binn. ex C.B.Clarke
Callicarpa viridis Domin
Callicarpa pedunculata is an evergreen shrub or small tree growing occasionally to 6 metres tall, but usually rather smaller[
The plant is harvested from the wild by local people for its use in traditional medicine[
Fresh and crushed leaves are used to stupefy fish, shrimp and eels[
The plant is suspected of being toxic to cattle but the evidence was not conclusive[
E. Asia - southern China, northeast India, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, New Guinea, Australia and the Solomons.
Alpine forests in China[
]. Forest margins and grasslands, from sea-level up to 2,000 metres[
]. Thickets, roadsides and secondary forest; at elevations from sea-level up to 2,300 metres[
Callicarpa pedunculata is found from the warm temperate regions of southern China through the tropics of southern Asia to the Pacific. It is unlikely to be very cold hardy, though one report says that it can be found in alpine regions. Plants are likely to succeed outdoors in warm temperate to tropical zones.
Requires a sunny position or light dappled shade[
]. Prefers a highly fertile well-drained loamy soil[
Requires cross-pollination for good fruit production[
Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[
The whole plant is analgesic, antiphlogistic, decoaggulant and haemostatic[
]. A decoction is used in the treatment of haemoptysis, haematemesis, nose bleed, haematuria, traumatic bleeding, traumatic injuries and rheumatoid arthritis[
]. The plant is used in the treatment of hepatitis[
The whole plant can be crushed for external applications to wounds, swellings, rheumatic joints etc[
An infusion of the leaves, together with leaves of basil (Ocimum basilicum), is drunk after parturition and as an emmenagogue[
The leaves are used to relieve difficulty in breathing. They are rolled into cigarettes which are considered to have a sedative effect on asthma[
The crushed flower and leaf buds are applied as a styptic to wounds[
The roots are used as an antidote for poisonous fish, crabs and toadstools, as a remedy for gonorrhoea, and as an emmenagogue[
A decoction of the roots is an ingredient of a poultice used to mature boils and ulcers[
Seed - sow late winter in a greenhouse[
]. Only just cover the seed[
]. Germination usually takes place within 1 - 3 months at 18Â°c[
]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter, planting them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood 10cm long, mid summer in a frame. High percentage[
Cuttings of mature wood of the current season's growth with a heel[
] taken in early spring[