The record for medicinal uses refers to Callicarpa longissima (Hemsl.) Merr., which is treated here as a synonym of Callicarpa dolichophylla (see Bramley, G.L.C. (2013). The genus Callicarpa (Lamiaceae) in the Philippines. Kew Bulletin 68: 369-418.)[
Callicarpa longifolia longissima Hemsl.
Callicarpa longissima (Hemsl.) Merr.
Callicarpa dolichophylla is a shrub that can grow 1 - 3 metres tall, sometimes becoming a small tree up to 7 metres tall[
The plant is harvested from the wild for medicinal use.
E. Asia - southern and eastern China, southern Japan, Vietnam, Philippines
Mixed forests or open waste places on mountain slopes; at elevations up to 1,200 metres[
Callicarpa dolichophylla is found in the warm temperate to tropical regions of China and southeast Asia. It will only succeed outdoors in the mildest regions of the temperate zone.
Species in this genus generally require a sunny position or light dappled shade[
]. Prefers a highly fertile well-drained loamy soil[
Requires cross-pollination for good fruit production[
Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[
The leaf is used in the treatment of conditions such as colic, diarrhoea, fever, sprue, syphilis and tumours[
]. The fresh leaf juice, combined with rice wine and ginger, is used to treat puerperal rheumatism[
]. The leaf juice, combined with honey, is used to treat gastrorrhagia[
]. A syrup made from a decoction of the fresh leaf and sugar is used to treat cough[
Applied externally, the leaf is used to treat wounds and bruises[
Seed - sow late winter in a greenhouse[
]. Only just cover the seed[
]. Germination usually takes place within 1 - 3 months at 18°c[
]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter, planting them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood 10cm long, mid summer in a frame. High percentage[
Cuttings of mature wood of the current season's growth with a heel[
] taken in early spring[